The T2, T2-A and T3-S2-A1 Type Maritime Commission Tankers

Tankers 1939 - 1945


The T2 tanker design was first adapted from S.S. Mobilfuel and S.S. Mobilube, built for the Socony-Vacuum Company (later to become Mobile Oil). They were 501 feet six inches long overall, with a beam of 68 feet. They were rated at 9,900 tons gross, and a deadweight tonnage of 15,850 tons. They displaced about 21,100 tons. Six of these ships were built by Bethlehem-Sparrows Point Shipyard in Maryland.

The T2-A type tanker was another variety of the T2 design. Only 5 of these ships were built by Sun Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., Chester, PA for the Keystone Tankship Corporation and its affiliates in 1940. The Navy took them over before construction was complete in 1942 to use as Navy oilers. They were 526 feet long, 68 feet abeam, rated at 10,600 tons gross and a deadweight tonnage of 16,300. They displaced about 22,445 tons. Propulsion was provided by geared steam turbines driving a single propeller at 12,000 shaft horsepower, giving a maximum rated speed of 16 and a half knots.

The T3-S2-A1 class were the first tankers completed under the Maritime Commission's long range 500 ship program begun in 1938. All were acquired by the US Navy for use as fleet oilers, either before completion, or shortly thereafter. The ships were 553 feet long overall, 75 feet wide with a gross tonnage of 11,335 tons, deadweight capacity of 18,300 tons, and a full load displacement of 24,830 tons. Propulsion was provided by two steam turbine sets (HP & LP) geared to two shafts, giving the ships an 18 knot service speed.


Corsicana (i)

Type: T2

Builder: Bethlehem-Sparrows Point Shipyard, MD
Built: 1941
Hull#: 4353
USMC Number: 142
Later Names:
1942 Kennebec (ao 36)


Contract Date 11/01/39
Contract No.MCc-747 under a Lump Sum contract, contract price $2,700,000
Final Price $3,747,500
Contract Delivery Date 08/01/41

Laiddown 08/12/40, Launched 04/19/41, Delivered 08/18/41 to Socony Vacuum Oil Company
01-13-42 Purchased by USN from Socony-Vacuum Oil Co. Physical Delivery at Baltimore, Md 9:00 AM EWT same day. Returned to MarAd custody at Beaumont, Tx for lay up 11-23-57 5:25 PM CST. Title transf'd permanent from USN to MarAd on 12-10-58 12:01 AM CST. Title and physical delivery to USN at Beaumont, Tx 08-09-61 12:30 PM CST. Returned to MarAd custody for lay up at Suisun Bay on 08-17-70 1:00 PM PDT. Title transf'd from USN to MarAd permanent at Suisun Bay on 09-01-71.

Advertised under PDX-1048 dated 02-25-82. Bids opened 04-01-82, sold to Levin Metals Corp., San Jose, Ca for $180,077 (non transportation use). Delivered to Levin at Suisun Bay on 05-14-82 6:25 AM PDT. By Amendment No.1 dated 07-19-83 MarAd approves resale of Midbody section to American Navigation Company of California for non transportation use, sales price $100,000. No further information on ship.

Source: Feedback from Mr. Frank Gerhardt dated 2005-11-07.

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Caddo (i)

Type: T2

Builder: Bethlehem-Sparrows Point Shipyard, MD
Built: 1941
Hull#: 4354
USMC Number: 143
Later Names:
1942 Merrimack (ao 37)


Stricken, December, 1958.

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Calusa (i)

Type: T2

Builder: Bethlehem-Sparrows Point Shipyard, MD
Built: 1942
Hull#: 4355
USMC Number: 144
Later Names:
1942 Winooski (ao 38)
1946 Calusa
1947 Samuel L. Fuller
1963 Seanymph
Renamed "Meracoulosa", 1964. Scrapped, Kaohsiung, September, 1965.

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Catwaba

Type: T2

Builder: Bethlehem-Sparrows Point Shipyard, MD
Built: 1942
Hull#: 4356
USMC Number: 145
Later Names:
1942 Neosho (ii) (ao 48)
1946 Catawba
1947 Tascalusa
1963 Ascalusa
Scrapped Hamburg, February, 1964.

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Colina (i)

Type: T2

Builder: Bethlehem-Sparrows Point Shipyard, MD
Built: 1942
Hull#: 4358
USMC Number: 146
Later Names:
1942 Kankakee (ao 39)


November, 1968, laid up in James River.

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Conastoga (i)

Type: T2

Builder: Bethlehem-Sparrows Point Shipyard, MD
Built: 1942
Hull#: 4359
USMC Number: 147
Later Names:
1942 Lackawanna (ao 40)
1946 Conastoga
1947 Tatarrax
1962 Thomas A.
Renamed "Padre Island", 1965. Scrapped Vinaroz, Spain, January, 1967.

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Aekay

Type: T2-A

Builder: Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester, PA
Built: 1942
Hull#: 221
USMC Number: 148
Later Names:
1942 Neches (ao 47)


Stricken, October, 1970; scrapped 1972.

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Kalkay

Type: T2-A

Builder: Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester, PA
Built: 1942
Hull#: 222
USMC Number: 149
Later Names:
1942 Mattaponi (ao 41)


Stricken, October, 1970; scrapped 1972.

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Jorkay

Type: T2-A

Builder: Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester, PA
Built: 1942
Hull#: 226
USMC Number: 157
Later Names:
1942 Tappahannock (ao 43)


Stricken, 1958.

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Ellkay

Type: T2-A

Builder: Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester, PA
Built: 1942
Hull#: 227
USMC Number: 158
Later Names:
1942 Monongahela (ao 42)


Stricken, 1958.

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Emmkay

Type: T2-A

Builder: Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester, PA
Built: 1942
Hull#: 228
USMC Number: 159
Later Names:
1942 Patuxent (ao 44)
1946 Emmkay
1947 David D. Irwin
Jumboized, Sasebo, 1961.

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Cimarron

Type: T3-S2-A1

Builder: Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester, PA
Built: 1939
Hull#: 172
USMC Number: 2
Later Names:



Stricken, 1 October, 1968, scrapped San Jose, CA, September 1969.

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Seakay (i)

Type: T3-S2-A1

Builder: Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester, PA
Built: 1939
Hull#: 173
USMC Number: 3
Later Names:
1940 Santee (ao 29)
1942 Santee (cve 29)

Acquired by the Navy and renamed USS SANTEE (AO 29), 1940. Completed conversion to escort carrier (CVE 29) in August, 1942. Scrapped Hamburg, May, 1960.

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Esso New Orleans (i)

Type: T3-S2-A1

Builder: Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester, PA
Built: 1939
Hull#: 174
USMC Number: 4
Later Names:
1941 Chenango (ao 31)
1942 Chenango (cve 28)

Acquired by the Navy in May, 1941 and renamed USS CHENANGO (AO 31). Conversion to escort carrier (CVE 28) completed September 1942. Scrapped Bilbao, August, 1962.

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Markay (i)

Type: T3-S2-A1

Builder: Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Co, Kearny, NJ
Built: 1939
Hull#: 151
USMC Number: 5
Later Names:
1940 Suwanee (ao 33)
1942 Suwanee (cve 27)

Acquired by the Navy in 1940 and renamed USS SUWANEE (AO 33). Completed conversion to escort carrier (CVE 27). in September, 1942. Scrapped Bilbao, June, 1962.

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Neosho (i)

Type: T3-S2-A1

Builder: Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Co, Kearny, NJ
Built: 1939
Hull#: 152
USMC Number: 6
Later Names:
1939 Neosho (ao 23)


USS NEOSHO (AO 23). Scuttled after being hit by Japanese bombs in the Battle of Coral Sea, May, 1942.

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Esso Trenton (i)

Type: T3-S2-A1

Builder: Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Co, Kearny, NJ
Built: 1939
Hull#: 153
USMC Number: 7
Later Names:
1940 Sangamon (ao 28)
1942 Sangamon (cve 26)

Acquired by the Navy in October, 1940 and renamed USS SANGAMON (AO 28). Completed conversion to escort carrier (CVE 26), August, 1942. Scrapped Osaka, August, 1960.

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Platte (ao 24)

Type: T3-S2-A1

Builder: Bethlehem-Sparrows Point Shipyard, MD
Built: 1939
Hull#: 4329
USMC Number: 8
Later Names:



Stricken from the Navy list, 1970. Sold for scrapping, May, 1971.

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Esso Annapolis (i)

Type: T3-S2-A1

Builder: Bethlehem-Sparrows Point Shipyard, MD
Built: 1940
Hull#: 4330
USMC Number: 9
Later Names:
1941 Chemung (ao 30)


Acquired by the Navy in June, 1941 and renamed USS CHEMUNG (AO 30). Stricken from the Navy list, May, 1971 and sold for scrapping.

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Esso Albany (i)

Type: T3-S2-A1

Builder: Bethlehem-Sparrows Point Shipyard, MD
Built: 1940
Hull#: 4331
USMC Number: 10
Later Names:
1940 Sabine (ao 25)


Completed as USS SABINE (AO 25). Transferred to MARAD in 1958, reacquired by the Navy in 1961. Laid up in MARAD reserve fleet, James River, VA in 1969.

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Esso Richmond (i)

Type: T3-S2-A1

Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co,
Built: 1940
Hull#: 370
USMC Number: 11
Later Names:
1940 Kaskaskia (ao 27)


Acquired by the Navy in October, 1940 and renamed USS KASKASKIA (AO 27). Stricken from the Navy list, 1970 and scrapped.

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Esso Raleigh (i)

Type: T3-S2-A1

Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co.
Built: 1941
Hull#: 371
USMC Number: 12
Later Names:
1941 Guadalupe (ao 32)


Acquired by the Navy in June, 1941 and renamed USS GUADALUPE (AO 32).

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Esso Columbia (i)

Type: T3-S2-A1

Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co.
Built: 1940
Hull#: 372
USMC Number: 13
Later Names:
1940 Salmonie (ao 26)


Completed as USS SALMONIE (AO 26). Stricken from the Navy list, September, 1969. Scrapped, 1971.

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