Sun Shipbuilding and Drydock Co.

Tankers 1942 - 1945


Gettysburg

Built: 3/42
Hull#: 241
USMC#: 316
Later Names:
1942 Esso Gettysburg


History and Notes:
"ESSO GETTYSBURG". Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey; 1942; Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co.; 10,173 tons; 503x68x39-3; 7,240s.h.p.; 14-6 knots; turbo-electric engines. The tanker Esso Gettysburg, Capt. Peder A. Johnson, left Atreco, Texas, for Philadelphia on June 6th, 1943, with a cargo of 119,726 barrels of crude oil. The vessel carried a mercantile crew of 45 officers and men and one officer and 26 men of the U.S. navy as gun crews. On June 10th, at about 2p.m., when 100 miles S.E. of Savannah, Georgia, the tanker was struck on the port side by two torpedoes. She immediately burst into flames and the men launching the lifeboats were compelled to abandon their task and jump overboard. The water round about was soon ablaze with burning oil and a total of 15 survivors eventually succeeded in reaching a half burned lifeboat in which they were adrift for 19 hours until picked up by the s.s. George Washington, Capt. T. H. Park. All the officers of the Gettysburg were killed with the exception of Ensign John S. Arnold, U.S.N., in command of the gun crews, who kept up a hot fire on the submarine until driven from his post by the flames. Later he was awarded the Navy Cross. Ten of her crew were killed. The "Esso Gettysburg" sunk on 10 June 1943.

Source: Provided by Mr. Auke Visser on 17 December 2005.

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Bunker Hill

Built: 5/42
Hull#: 242
USMC#: 317
Later Names:



History and Notes:
At approximately 0402(PST) on 6 March 1964 while the SS BUNKER HILL was enroute from Tacoma, WA to Anacortes, WA, and in approximate position 48 degrees 23 minutes North, 122 degrees 45 minutes West, an explosion occurred in the No. 9 cargo tanks causing the vessel to break in two. In less than an hour, the vessel had sunk.

Source: U. S. Coast Guard report

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Caddo (ii)

Built: 5/42
Hull#: 243
USMC#: 318
Later Names:



History and Notes:

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Harlem Heights

Built: 5/42
Hull#: 244
USMC#: 319
Later Names:
1942 Suamico Ao 49


History and Notes:

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Trenton

Built: 7/42
Hull#: 245
USMC#: 320
Later Names:
1942 Calusa (ii)
1953 Valchem

History and Notes:

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Corsicana (ii)

Built: 8/42
Hull#: 246
USMC#: 321
Later Names:
1942 Pecos Ao 65
1947 Corsicana
1948 Pecos
History and Notes:
Suamico Class Fleet Oiler: Laid down, 20 April 1942 as a Maritime Commission type (T3-SE-A1) tanker hull under Maritime Commission contract, (MC hull 321) at Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Chester, PA.; Launched, 17 August 1942; Acquired by the Navy, 29 August 1942; Commissioned USS Pecos (AO-65), 5 October 1942; Decommissioned, 14 March 1946; Transferred to the Maritime Commission for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet; Reacquired by the Navy and reinstated on the Naval Register, 20 March 1950; Assigned to MSTS and placed In-service as USNS Pecos (T-AO-65), 18 July 1950; Transferred to the Maritime Administration, for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet; Final disposition, sold by MARAD, 17 July 1974, fate unknown; Struck from the Naval Register, 1 October 1974. Pecos received seven battle stars for World War II service.

From Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships:
The second Pecos (AO-65) was laid down 20 April 1942 by the Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Chester, Penn., as Corsicana (MC hull 325); launched 17 August 1942; acquired by the Navy 29 August 1942; sponsored by Mrs. B. Abrams; and commissioned 5 October 1942, Comdr. P.M. Gunnell in command.

After operations along the Atlantic coast, the oiler transited the Panama Canal and sailed 18 February 1943 for Fanui Bay, Bora Bora, mothering a brood of 11 subchasers, five yard minesweepers, numerous LCI(L)'s, and one net tender. Four motor torpedo boats nested in cradles in the forward and after well decks. Pecos fueled each small craft every four days. Throughout the voyage, groups of boats came alongside the tanker for fuel; then, replenished, gave place to others.

Pecos next supported the landings at Tarawa, Gilbert Islands, refueling the bombardment and transport groups. She returned to the West Coast late in 1943 and departed San Pedro, Calif., on New Year's Eve after undergoing repairs and loading with oil and supplies.

Pecos departed Majuro Atoll 2 February 1944 to escort Washington into the anchorage after the latter's bow had been shorn off in collision with Indiana. For over three hours the officers and men of Pecos worked at the delicate task of getting the huge battleship alongside, then maneuvering her into the atoll. She performed the whole operation in the dark, and acted as anchor for Washington overnight.

Less than two weeks after Kwajalein Atoll fell to the Americans, the tanker steamed into the lagoon and refueled warships in the Marshall Islands until returning to Pearl Harbor early in March for oil and supplies. She then headed for the southwest Pacific to support strikes against the Palaus in late March and early April.

For ten hours on 10 July, shells from marine "Long-Tom" cannons flew over Pecos as she lay at anchor off Saipan, refueling cruisers, destroyers, and an LST full of high explosives. The oiler next began fueling operations running between Eniwetok in the Marshalls and Manus in the Admiralty Islands. In September, she participated in the Palau invasion, fueling the bombardment and transport groups.

On 2 January 1945, Japanese aircraft attacked the tanker as she steamed from Leyte Gulf toward Mindoro. The following day seven general quarters alarms announced Japanese planes. A bomb exploded so close astern that the oil feed pump fuses blew temporarily stopping the main engine.

On the evening of 4 January, three enemy planes attacked the anchorage in Mangarin Bay, Mindoro. One bomb, a dud skipped from the water and smashed into the Pecos' after port cargo boom, bending it almost double. A plane crashed into an ammunition ship lying less than a mile away, causing it to explode in a single, blinding flash. Pecos' guns splashed one attacker.

Pecos shot down two more Japanese planes during a raid in the Sulu Sea off Negros Island.

A single engine Japanese plane dove out of the sun on the ship's starboard quarter 7 January 1945, releasing a bomb that struck the water 100 feet off her port bow before a tanker ahead of Pecos shot this plane down.

During the next weeks, Pecos fueled the huge task force steaming up the South China Sea for the Lingayen landings. General Quarters became as routine an affair as fueling, as enemy planes continued to operate in the Mindoro area.

The veteran oiler next steamed to Mangarin Bay to supply aviation gasoline for an Army Air Force unit based there 18 February. Previously, fuel for the squadron's P-38 fighters had been flown in by transport aircraft, but the planes now were virtually grounded for lack of gasoline.

At the month's end, Pecos departed the Philippine area for Ulithi Atoll in the Western Caroline Islands to prepare for the war's final major landing operation at Okinawa, She spent April and May at sea in the fueling area off Okinawa transferring oil and gasoline to 3rd Fleet ships.

Pecos spent two hectic days outside of Hagushi Anchorage, adjoining the war torn city of Naha, fueling destroyers on the perilous picket lines. On the evening of 20 May, in a major Japanese air raid, kamikaze pilots hit five of the picket ships. but the tanker was untouched. Pecos sailed for the United States on 28 May, after seventeen consecutive months overseas.

With overhaul completed, Pecos departed San Francisco 14 August 1945--as word was received of the end of hostilities. By 26 September she was anchored in Sasebo Ko, Kyushu Island, Japan, which had just been occupied by American naval forces, fueling the vessels in the harbor.

Pecos decommissioned 14 March 1946. She was transferred to the Maritime Commission 1 April 1947 and struck from the Navy List 23 April 1947. By directive dated January 1948 Pecos was reacquired by the Navy. She was reinstated on the Navy List 20 March 1950. She was then taken over by the Military Sea Transportation Service 18 July 1950 to be operated by a merchant crew.

Source: http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/19065.htm and also http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/ships/dafs/AO/ao65.html

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Stillwater

Built: 9/42
Hull#: 247
USMC#: 322
Later Names:
1942 Cache Ao 67
1946 Stillwater
1948 Cache
History and Notes:
Suamico Class Fleet Oiler: Laid down as SS Stillwater under Maritime Commission contract, (MC type T2-SE-A2) at Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Chester, PA; Launched, 7 September 1942; Commissioned USS Cache (AO-67), 3 November 1942; Decommissioned, 14 January 1946 at San Francisco, CA; Transferred to the Maritime Commission, June 1946 for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet; Reaquired, 10 February 1948 operated under contract to Naval Transportation Service; Transferred to MSTS, 10 October 1949 and placed In-Service as USNS Cache (T-AOT-67); Placed Out-of-Service and struck from the Naval Register, 1972; Transferred to the Maritime Administration for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet.

From Dictionary of American Fighting Ships:
Cache (AO-67) was launched 7 September 1942 as Stillwater by Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Chester, Pa., under a Maritime Commission contract; sponsored by Mrs. J. Cook; acquired by the Navy 28 September 1942; converted at Maryland Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Baltimore, Md.; commissioned 3 November 1942, Lieutenant Commander P. Anderson, USNR, in command; and reported to the Atlantic Fleet.

From 11 December 1942 to 25 February 1943, Cache carried oil from Gulf ports to Norfolk, Va., and Argentia, Nfld. She cleared Norfolk 19 March for Baytown, Tex., where she loaded diesel oil for Bora Bora, Society Islands, and Noumea. She returned from the South Pacific to San Pedro, Calif., for repairs 26 May.

Returning to Noumea 8 July 1943, Cache operated between Espiritu Santo and Guadalcanal until 4 August. Duty as station tanker at Efate and Espiritu Santo continued into December, when she sailed to refuel ships at sea. While returning to Espiritu Santo on 22 January 1944, Cache was struck in the port side by a submarine torpedo. One man was killed, and Cache was severely damaged, but was able to make port under her own power. After temporary repairs, she sailed for San Pedro, Calif., for permanent repairs.

Cache returned to duty at Eniwetok 20 June 1944, to begin almost continuous participation in the operations that forced the Japanese back across the Pacific to their homeland and ended the war. First came the Marianas operation, including the capture of Tinian, for which she fueled ships at sea in July and August 1944. Based at Manus from 26 August, Cache provided essential fuel for the attacks on, and invasion of, the western Caroline Islands, then based at Kossol Roads and Ulithi to support the ships which brought the war back to the Philippines in the assaults on Leyte and Luzon in fall and winter 1944-45. Continuing to operate from Ulithi, she fueled TF 51 for the invasion of Iwo Jima, then put to sea for the great task force raids which prepared the way for, and supported, the Okinawa operation. Later she operated in Okinawan waters, bringing fuel through the hazards of kamikaze attacks unscathed. She ended her war service in July 1945 as she sailed with the mighty 3d Fleet in its final stunning blows against the Japanese home islands. After carrying fuel to Tokyo Bay in September, she returned to the west coast, and on 14th January 1946 was decommissioned at San Francisco.

Cache was transferred to the Maritime Commission in June 1946, but reacquired by the Navy 10 February 1948. Assigned to the Naval Transportation Service, she carried oil from Bahrein to Japan and the west coast until 1 October 1949, when she was transferred to the Military Sea Transportation Service. She continued to operate in a noncommissioned status through 1960.

Cache received eight battle stars for World War II service.

Source: http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/19067.htm also http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/auxil/ao67.htm also Victory Ships and Tankers

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Monmouth

Built: 10/42
Hull#: 248
USMC#: 323
Later Names:



History and Notes:
1970: Lengthened and widened to 16376 GRT. Broken up Brownsville 29 March 1986.

Source: Miramar Ship Index

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Cherry Valley

Built: 11/42
Hull#: 249
USMC#: 324
Later Names:



History and Notes:
Broken up Kaohsiung 29 November 1971.

Source: Miramar Ship Index

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Newtown

Built: 12/42
Hull#: 250
USMC#: 325
Later Names:
1942 Saugatuck Ao 75
1946 Newtown
1948 Saugatuck
History and Notes:
Also, AOT 75, US Navy transport oiler.
Moved from the James River Reserve Fleet via Hampton Roads to Bay Bridge Enterprise of Chesapeake, VA for scrapping, 18 July 2006.

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Guilford

Built: 1/43
Hull#: 251
USMC#: 326
Later Names:
1943 Colina (ii)


History and Notes:

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Fort Lee

Built: 1/43
Hull#: 252
USMC#: 327
Later Names:



History and Notes:

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Vera Cruz

Built: 2/43
Hull#: 253
USMC#: 328
Later Names:
1950 Maryland
1959 Texaco Maryland
1962 Transhatteras
History and Notes:

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Churubusco

Built: 3/43
Hull#: 254
USMC#: 329
Later Names:
1950 Minnesota
1960 Texaco Minnesota

History and Notes:

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San Antonio

Built: 4/43
Hull#: 255
USMC#: 330
Later Names:
1947 Gulfdawn
1958 Panarica Gulf
1959 Oswego Leader
History and Notes:
Scrapped Kaohsiung, June 1966.

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Pueblo

Built: 5/43
Hull#: 256
USMC#: 331
Later Names:
1965 Western Pueblo


History and Notes:

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Shiloh

Built: 6/43
Hull#: 257
USMC#: 332
Later Names:
1948 Ramona


History and Notes:
Scrapped Spezia, April 1962.

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Cross Keys

Built: 7/43
Hull#: 258
USMC#: 333
Later Names:
1947 Gulfstream
1958 Wang Explorer
1960 Columbia
History and Notes:
Scrapped Savona, July 1963.

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Seven Pines

Built: 8/43
Hull#: 259
USMC#: 334
Later Names:
1948 Charles S. Jenny
1957 Katina
1959 Zephyrhills
History and Notes:
Scrapped Kaohisung, January 1969.

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Chickamaugua

Built: 8/43
Hull#: 260
USMC#: 335
Later Names:
1947 Utilitas


History and Notes:
Scrapped Spezia, April 1962.

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Murfreesboro

Built: 9/43
Hull#: 261
USMC#: 336
Later Names:
1947 Atlantic Traveller
1959 Murfreesboro
1965 Neches
History and Notes:

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Gaines Mill

Built: 10/43
Hull#: 262
USMC#: 337
Later Names:



History and Notes:

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Perryville

Built: 11/43
Hull#: 263
USMC#: 338
Later Names:



History and Notes:
The 1943-built, 25,083-dwt, 14,445-grt crude oil carrier Perryville is seen in this photograph while she was underway at Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. during April of 1977. She was originally built in Chester, Pennsylvania by the Sun Shipbuilding Company during the height of World War II. She was built as hull number 263 and was the 37th T2-SE-A1 type tanker built at that yard out of 202 that were built between 1939 and 1945. At that time she and her many sistership shared dimensions of 503' x 68' x 39'3". Gross tonnage - 10,400, Net tonnage - 6,260, Deadweight tonnage - 16,750. Perryville entered service early in 1944.

It would seem that she served through the latter half of World War II without incident and following the end of the war she was sent into layup along with thousands of other oil and general cargo ships around the U.S. coasts. At some point thereafter she was sold into the private merchant marine and ended up sailing for Paco Tankers Inc., of Wilmington, Delaware as Perryville by the end of the 1950s.

By the early 1960s many T2 tankers were nearing the end of their respective careers. A select few though were fortunate to be the recipients mid-life refits, service extensions and some of entirely new hulls. Such was the case for Perryville and early in 1961 she was taken to the Todd Shipyard Corporation drydock in Alameda, California where her original stern and midship section was joined to a new oil tanker forebody. The new hull had been built at the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries drydock in Yokohama, Japan during 1960 and towed across the Pacific to California late that year.

When Perryville emerged from the drydock and re-entered service her dimensions had stretched to 585' x 80'3" x 33'5" and her tonnages had increased to 25,083-dwt, 14,445-grt and 10,666-nrt. She retained her original General Electric steam turbine engine which was capable of producing up to 7,300 horsepower. It turned a single fixed pitch propeller and moved the ship along at speeds in excess of 14 knots.

Following her return to service her owners were listed as the Keystone Shipping Company of Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A. and this remained unchanged through the late 1970s. Around October 24th, 1979 it was reported that Perryville ran aground off Honduras in a position 15.50 N, 82.21 W. She was subsequently re-floated on October 30th of that year.

She kept busy through the 1970s and early 1980s hauling crude oil and petroeum based products between various U.S. ports on the Atlantic & Pacific Ocean as well as along the shores of the Gulf of Mexico. The end was drawing near though by the end of 1981 and early the following year Keystone Shipping decided that the costs of repairing the ship exceeded its total value. As a result she was sold for dismantling. On August 8th, 1982 she arrived at Chittagong Roads, Bangladesh and subsequntly ran herself aground on the scrapping beach. There over the weeks that followed Perryville was reduced to memories..

Information courtesy Marine News - The World Ship Society
Lloyds Registers - Lloyds of London and the American Bereau of Shipping

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Brandy Station

Built: 12/43
Hull#: 264
USMC#: 339
Later Names:
1946 Pan-new York
1955 Amoco New York

History and Notes:

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White Plains

Built: 7/42
Hull#: 265
USMC#: 340
Later Names:
1948 Michigan Sun
1961 Carbide Seadrift

History and Notes:

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Valley Forge

Built: 7/42
Hull#: 266
USMC#: 341
Later Names:
1942 Tallulah Ao 50
1946 Valley Forge
1948 Tallulah
History and Notes:
Also, AOT 50, US Navy transport oiler.

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Princeton

Built: 8/42
Hull#: 267
USMC#: 342
Later Names:
1942 Esso Manhattan
1959 Martha Mac
1965 Marine Progress
1966 Marine Enterprise
History and Notes:
1970: ENTERPRISE.

Mr. Milton Bell wrote about the "Esso Manhattan" to Mr. Auke Visser, stating the following:

Launched 1942 by Sun Shipbuilding Co, Chester, Pa as the T-2 tanker PRINCETON but completed as the ESSO MANHATTAN. She highlighted the problem of the construction of these ships when on 29th Mar.1943 she left New York in fine weather and a slight sea, and suddenly broke in half. It was originally thought that she had struck a mine, but after the two halves were towed to port, it was found that the damage was not caused by explosion. She was later repaired and sailed again on 11th June. ( I imagine that it was not easy to find a crew! ). After completing her service as a tanker in 1959, she was converted to a self unloading bulker, by Gibbs Corp, Jacksonville, Fla, and was equipped with two 30-ton cranes. The bridge housing was moved aft just ahead of the funnel and she was renamed MARTHA MAC and operated by Gulfcoast Transit Company of Tampa, Fl in the phosphat-coal trade between Florida and Louisiana. 1965 MARINE PROGRESS, Marine Nav. Co, USA, 1966 MARINE ENTERPRISE, same owner, 1970 transferred to Panamanian registry renamed ENTERPRISE. 1974 scrapped at Kaohsiung.

Source: Provided by Mr. Auke Visser on 17 December 2005.

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Ticonderoga

Built: 9/42
Hull#: 268
USMC#: 343
Later Names:



History and Notes:

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Bennington

Built: 10/42
Hull#: 269
USMC#: 344
Later Names:



History and Notes:
1945: sold commercial (same name). Scrapped Kaohsiung, May 1972.

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Fort Stanwick

Built: 11/42
Hull#: 270
USMC#: 345
Later Names:
1942 Esso Wilmington
1959 Wang Juror
1959 Denton
1960 Margaret M.
History and Notes:
Broken up Kaohsiung 4 February 1961.

Source: Miramar Ship Index

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Brandywine (i)

Built: 11/42
Hull#: 271
USMC#: 346
Later Names:
1942 Esso Washington


History and Notes:
Grounded at Eniwetok, Marshall Islands, March 14, 1945. Could not be salvaged and was lost.

Source: Provided by Mr. Auke Visser on 17 December 2005.

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Germantown

Built: 11/42
Hull#: 272
USMC#: 347
Later Names:
1942 Esso Paterson
1961 Carbide Texas City

History and Notes:
Launched as GERMANTOWN, completed as ESSO PATERSON. November 1961, converted to a partial containership/chemical carrier by Bethlehem Steel Co., Baltimore, MD. (New measurements: 9,141GRT, 14,438DWT) Renamed CARBIDE TEXAS CITY.

Source: Victory Ships and Tankers, Sawyer and Mitchell

Broken up Brownsville 21 May 1979.

Source: Miramar Ship Index

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Caribbean

Built: 12/42
Hull#: 273
USMC#: 348
Later Names:
1962 Houston


History and Notes:
Built in 1942 by Sun SB & DD Co. of Chester as CARIBBEAN for the US War Shipping Administration, she was sold in 1962 to the Trinidad Corp who had her rebuilt by Alabama DD & Sb Co. by adding new forward and cargo sections. She was then renamed HOUSTON.

Source: Ebay seller (slide photo description)

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Vincennes

Built: 12/42
Hull#: 274
USMC#: 349
Later Names:
1942 Esso Norfolk


History and Notes:
Scrapped Kaohsiung, August 1969.

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Conastoga (ii)

Built: 1/43
Hull#: 275
USMC#: 350
Later Names:
1943 Kings Mountain
1943 Millicoma Ao73

History and Notes:
Suamico Class Fleet Oiler: Laid down as King's Mountain a Maritime Commission type (T2-SE-A1) tanker hull under a Maritime Commission contract by Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Chester, PA., 4 August 1942; Renamed Conestoga; Launched as Millicoma, 21 January 1943; Acquired by the Navy, 30 January 1943; Converted for Navy service at Maryland Drydock Co., Baltimore, MD.; Commissioned, USS Millicoma (AO-73), 5 March 1943 at Baltimore, MD; Decommissioned, 21 February 1946 at San Francisco, CA.; Struck from the Naval Register, 12 March 1946; Transferred to the Maritime Commission, June 1946 for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet; . Reacquired by the Navy, February 1948; Assigned to MSTS, 1 October 1949. Reinstated on the Naval Register, 28 April 1950 and placed In-service on a contract charter basis as USNS Millicoma (T-AO-73); Reclassified Oil Transporter (T-AOT), Placed Out-of-service and struck from the Naval Register, 31 March 1986; Transferred to MARAD for disposal or lay up, 2 February 1987; Final Disposition, fate unknown; Millicoma received eight battle stars for World War II service.

From Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships:
Millicoma (AO-73) was laid down as King's Mountain under Maritime Commission contract by Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Chester, Pa., 4 August 1942; subsequently renamed Conestoga; launched as Millicoma 21 January 1943; spons ored by Mrs. M. G. Hogan; acquired by the Navy 30 January 1943; converted for Navy use by Maryland I)rydock Co., Baltimore, Md.; and commissioned at Baltimore 5 March 1943, Lt. Comdr, George E. Bly in command.

For more than 2 years Millicoma provided valuable at-sea logistics support as the might of American seapower moved westward across the Pacific to crush the warring Japanese Empire. Refueling and replenishment operations sent her throughout the Pacific to the islands of Polynesia, Melanesia, and Micronesia as well as to the home islands of Japan. During her Pacific service she refueled scores of ships ranging in size from battleships and aircraft carriers to destroyers and auxiliaries. She tra nsferred thousands of barrels of oil and thousands of gallons of gasoline to the fighting ships of the fleet and thus helped the Navy press to a successful conclusion a sea war of the aggressor's own making.

Departing Norfolk, Va., 20 April 1943, Millicoma steamed via the Dutch West Indies and the Panama Canal to carry a cargoof fuel oil and gasoline to the Fiji Islands. During the remainder of 1943 she continued to carry vital liquid cargoes to Am erican bases in the South Pacific. Operating out of San Pedro, Calif., she made several runs to the Society Islands, the New Hebrides, New Caldonia, and New Zealand. Thence, after completing a round trip to Hawaii and back, she departed San Pedro 13 Jan uary 1944 to begin supporting the Navy's series of brilliant island-hopping campaigns.

Millicoma refueled ships off the MarshalIs prior to and during the invasion; thence, arriving Majuro 4 February, she served as station oiler in the Marshalls until sailing for the New Hebrides 2 March. Between 31 March and 15 April she cruised north of the Solonions and refueled ships of TF 58 following intensive air strikes in the western Carolines. After returning to San Pedro 9 May, she underwent overhaul and on 20 June sailed to resume fleet oiler duty in the Marshalls.

Early In July she cruised for similar duty in the Marianas, and during the next month she supported fleet operations off Tinian, Guam, and Rota. She returned to Eniwetok 12 August, and between 26 and 31 August steamed to the Admiralties for duty with the At Sea Logistics Support Group (TG 30.8). Early in September she refueled ships of the fast carrier task force during sweeping, hard-hitting strikes from the Palaus to the Southern Philippines.

Millicoma returned to the west coast 19 October. Departing San Pedro 1 December, she steamed via Pearl Harbor and Eniwetok to Ulithi where she resumed duty with TG 30.8. She sortied 3 January 1945 and during the next 3 weeks cruised the repleni shment areas in the western Pacific and refueled the fast carriers during far-reaching operations against Japanese installations on luzon, Forinosa, China, Indochina, and the Ryukyus.

Millicoma served out of Utithi during the remainder of World War II as she continued a busy pace of fleet replenishment operations which carried her to the heart of the Japanese Empire. In late February and early March she replenished ships dur ing the conquest of Iwo Jiiiia. Besides fuel, she provided ships with foodstuffs, medical supplies, ammunition, and mail. Thence, begining 13 March, she sailed on the first of four major fueling operations in support of the invasion and conquest of Okin awa. She carried out additional deployments 30 30 March[sic], 22 April, and 30 May, and each of the four runs lasted about 2 weeks. While cruising with TG 30.8 on the fourth deployment, she battled typhoon seas 4-5 June. Sixty-foot waves and winds In e xcess of 100 knots destroyed her fueling booms and cracked her foremast. She returned to Ulithi 11 June for repairs, thence departed for Okinawa 28 June to begin shuttling fuel to the newest of the American bases in the western Pacific. She completed tw o round trips to the Ryukyus and returned to Ulithi where she received news of Japanese capitulation.

Millicoma steamed to Japanese waters 8 September and refueled minesweepers and support ships off Sasebo, Kyushu. She replenished more than 60 ships in less than 2 days. She arrived Sasebo the 29th to continue logistics support of minesweeping operations, and between 22 and 25 October she refueled ships in the Yellow Sea along the of Korea.

Millicoma arrived San Francisco 19 November, and decommissioned there 21 February 1946. Her name was struck from the Navy list 12 March, and she was transferred to the Maritime Commission in June. Reacquired by the Navy in February 1948 for us e as a naval tanker, she was transferred to MSTS 1 October 1949. Her name was reinstated on the Navy list 28 April 1950.

Since 1949 Millicoma has supported the worldwide shield of American seapower and the defense of the free world. Manned by a civilian crew, she has operated under MSTS on a contract charter basis to carry liquid cargoes along the coasts of the Un ited States and to American bases overseas. Between June 1952 and June 1954, she bolstered the sea supply lines between Japan and South Korea. Since the Korean conflict she has continued wide-ranging fueling runs under MSTS, primarily in the Atlantic and the Caribbean. Into late fiscal year 1969, she maintained her schedule of chartered runs out of east coast ports.

Source: http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/19073.htm and also http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/auxil/ao73.htm

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Cowpens

Built: 12/42
Hull#: 276
USMC#: 351
Later Names:
1942 Saranac Ao 74
1959 Somerset

History and Notes:

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Hobkirk's Hill (i)

Built: 2/43
Hull#: 277
USMC#: 352
Later Names:
1943 Conastoga (iii)
1953 Hess Fuel
1963 Sasstown
History and Notes:
Launched as HOBKIRK'S HILL (I), completed as CONASTOGA (III). 1953 - renamed HESS FUEL. October 1954 - lengthened by Bethlehem Steel Co., Baltimore, MD (measurements: 564'6" overall, 11,621GRT, 18,097DWT). December 1963 - new fore and midship sections built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Yokohama (measurements: 601'3" overall x 82'6", 15,744GRT, 25,874DWT). Renamed SASSTOWN.

Source: Victory Ships and Tankers

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Eutaw Springs

Built: 3/43
Hull#: 278
USMC#: 353
Later Names:
1943 Chepachet Ao 78
1947 Eutaw Springs
1948 Chepachet
History and Notes:
Also, AOT 78, US Navy transport oiler.

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Palo Alto

Built: 2/43
Hull#: 279
USMC#: 354
Later Names:
1948 Louisiana Sun
1961 Louisiana Sulpher

History and Notes:

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Buena Vista

Built: 3/43
Hull#: 280
USMC#: 355
Later Names:
1950 Wyoming
1961 Texaco Wyoming
1972 Sea Lady
History and Notes:

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Cerro Gordo

Built: 4/43
Hull#: 281
USMC#: 356
Later Names:
1951 Virginia
1960 Texaco Virginia
1962 Transorleans
History and Notes:
Scrapped Valencia, October, 1970.

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Contreras

Built: 4/43
Hull#: 282
USMC#: 357
Later Names:
1950 Washington
1960 Texaco Washington
1962 Washington Carrier
History and Notes:
Scrapped Bilbao, September 1964.

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Molino Del Rey

Built: 5/43
Hull#: 283
USMC#: 358
Later Names:
1947 Esso Greensboro
1952 Esso San Juan
1961 Petromar Cordoba
History and Notes:

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Chapultapec

Built: 5/43
Hull#: 284
USMC#: 359
Later Names:
1947 Samuel C. Loveland
1951 Luckstar
1960 Falcon
1966 Phalcon
History and Notes:

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Jalapa

Built: 6/43
Hull#: 285
USMC#: 360
Later Names:
1947 Gulflight
1961 Summit

History and Notes:

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Perote

Built: 6/43
Hull#: 286
USMC#: 361
Later Names:
1955 Febcal
1960 Perote

History and Notes:

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Bull Run

Built: 7/43
Hull#: 287
USMC#: 362
Later Names:
1956 Ao 156
1969 Anchorage

History and Notes:
Laid down, July 1943, as Maritime Administration type (T-2-SE-A1) tanker hull under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 362). Delivered to the Maritime Commission, July 1943. Acquired by the US Navy from the Maritime Administration, 1956 and assigned to MSTS and placed In-service as USNS Bull Run (T-AO-156). Returned to MARAD, 1957. Aft section joined to forebody and midbody of Anchorage (C4 type) by Todd Shipyards Corp., Seattle, and converted to a container carrier (measurements: 497ft x 72ft, 11,476GRT, 8,712DWT). Renamed Anchorage. Forebody of Bull Run scrapped in 1969.

From Victory Ships and Tankers:
Greater container capacity was provided by skilled ship-surgery performed by Todd Shipyards, when the afterbodies of the T2 tankers Bull Run, Roanoke and Petrolite were joined to the forebodies of the C4 container ships Anchorage, Baltimore and Seattle.
Matching dissimilar hulls of the T2 tankers and C4 ships proved an intricate exercise, the problems mainly concerning the beam and depth - 71ft 6in and 43ft 6in respectively for the C4 type and 68ft and 39ft 3in for the T2 ships. The following description of the work involved is generally applicable to all three conversions.
The T2 was cut at about frame 47, the C4 at frame 145, with the cut staggered over a length of 90ft. In essence, therefore, a 143ft afterbody was joined to a 328ft forebody, this producing a ship capable of carrying 217 x 35ft containers below deck and 131 above deck, the latter being stowed three high between box-section buttress posts.
Work on the scarph joint included construction of a new bulkhead and sloping transition between the maindeck of the C4 and the raised poop of the T2. Extensive bracketing unified the vertical C4 framing to the longitudinal framing of the ex-tanker. Riveted straps on the C4 hull (fitted at an earlier conversion) were extended 30ft aft of the new bulkhead, and 70ft doubling plates were added from the main deck via the new slope to the poopdeck. The existing bridge structure was retained, although refitted to modern standards, and the wheelhouse level raised by the addition of part of the T2 bridge.
During hull conversion the main machinery received complete overhaul and modification, so increasing its rating from 6,000 to 8,000 SHP and speed to 15 knots. On each ship the rudder was strengthened and doubling plates added to the stern to allow for greater power and the increased turning movement of the hull. (See also Sun yard numbers 390 and 416.)

Source: See http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/19156.htm and Victory Ships and Tankers.

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Ball's Bluff

Built: 7/43
Hull#: 288
USMC#: 363
Later Names:
1948 Ambronia
1956 Rina Corrado

History and Notes:
Scrapped Trieste, June 1966.

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Appomattox

Built: 7/43
Hull#: 289
USMC#: 364
Later Names:
1948 Pan Carolinas
1956 Amoco Carolinas
1963 Appomattox
1965 Fairwind
History and Notes:

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Monocacy

Built: 8/43
Hull#: 290
USMC#: 365
Later Names:
1948 R.e. Wilson


History and Notes:

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Front Royal

Built: 8/43
Hull#: 291
USMC#: 366
Later Names:
1948 Esso Shreveport
1962 Trustco
1966 Observer
History and Notes:
1966 lengthened and widened to 17614 GRT, converted to bulk carrier. Hulked as cement storage vessel in Port Said.

Source: Miramar Ship Index

Latest News: Port Said, Mar 28 2007 -- Grain storage vessel Observer (17614 gt, built 1943), ex non specific tanker, which was laying alongside the quay at Port Said Harbour, caught fire at about 0930, this morning. S.C.A Tugs extinguished fire and the Canal is clear. -- Lloyd's Agents.

Source: Mr. Tony Terry by email on 28 March, 2007.

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Winchester

Built: 9/43
Hull#: 292
USMC#: 367
Later Names:
1960 Betty Conway


History and Notes:

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Sharpsburg

Built: 10/43
Hull#: 293
USMC#: 368
Later Names:
1947 Achille Lauro
1964 Puzzuoli

History and Notes:
Scrapped Trieste, May 1967.

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Fredericksburg

Built: 10/43
Hull#: 294
USMC#: 369
Later Names:
1958 Palace


History and Notes:

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Chancellorsville

Built: 10/43
Hull#: 295
USMC#: 370
Later Names:



History and Notes:

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Petersburg

Built: 11/43
Hull#: 296
USMC#: 371
Later Names:
1956 Aldine


History and Notes:
Scrapped Castellon, July 1968.

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Spottsylvania

Built: 11/43
Hull#: 297
USMC#: 372
Later Names:
1947 Gulftrade
1960 Orient Point

History and Notes:
Scrapped Osaka, June 1961.

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Vicksburg

Built: 11/43
Hull#: 298
USMC#: 373
Later Names:
1948 Gulfvictor
1961 Vicksburg
1964 Geneva
History and Notes:
Gulf Oil sold the vessel to Maryland Drydock, Baltimore with the proviso that it could not engage in the carriage of petroleum products. Maryland bought the vessel with the anticipation of resale with the vessel undergoing conversion work at MDD. It was operated under the American flag by Agents appointed by MDD and carried cargoes of wheat to Egypt and Brazil, several voyages of vegetable oils from the US Gulf to Bayonne, NJ, fishoil from US Gulf to Lever Bros in New York harbor and molasses from Caribbean to New Orleans. MDD sold the VICKSBURG to US Steel to carry its steel products between Moorestown, NJ and Pittsburg, California and it was renamed GENEVA. A large ship conversion was required, which MDD performed.

Source: Provided by Mr. Harry Marshall on 31 December 2005

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Chantilly

Built: 11/43
Hull#: 299
USMC#: 374
Later Names:
1956 World Trophy
1960 World Cavalier
1968 Frances
History and Notes:

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Harpers Ferry

Built: 12/43
Hull#: 300
USMC#: 375
Later Names:
1947 Seven Seas
1957 Virginia Trader

History and Notes:
The Virginia Trader was rebuilt for American Trading and Production Corp. by General Dynamics, Quincy, Mass in the winter of 1965 - 1966. The midbody of the S.S. Mission de Pala was inserted inplace of the original midbody of the Virginia Trader (ex Harpers Ferry). The Virginia Trader operated for American Trading and Production until 1975 when she was scrapped.

Source: Provided by Capt. Richard Johnson via web feedback on 14 March 2006

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Manassas

Built: 12/43
Hull#: 301
USMC#: 376
Later Names:
1948 Emma
1964 Capo Emma

History and Notes:

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Malvern Hill

Built: 1/44
Hull#: 302
USMC#: 377
Later Names:
1946 Esso Charlotte
1960 Helen H.
1973 Anneli
1976 Mandarin
History and Notes:
1960 Lengthened and widened to 13268 GRT, converted to bulk carrier.

Broken up Gadani Beach, 22 November 1977.

Source: Miramar Ship Index

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South Mountain

Built: 2/44
Hull#: 303
USMC#: 378
Later Names:
1950 Mississippi
1959 Texaco Mississippi
1992 Star Mist
History and Notes:
* Originally built in World War II for the U.S. Maritime Administration as the T2-SE-A1 tanker South Mountain
* Built by the Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Company in Chester, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
* Following the end of the war she was presumably laid up with the thousands of other wartime merchant ships at ports around the U.S.A.
* In 1950 she was sold for merchant service and was renamed Mississippi by unknown owners in the U.S.A.
* In 1959 she was sold to Texaco and renamed Texaco Mississippi
* By 1964 at the age of 20 years the aging tanker was withdrawn from service and sent to the Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Company drydock in Newport News, Virginia for rebuilding
* A new and much larger bow and forebody had been built there and it was welded to the original T2-SA-A1 stern just ahead of the engineroom bulkhead
* She emerged in 1965 under the same name with the dimensions and tonnages that are shown above still bearing the name Texaco Mississippi
* The original T2 hull was cut in half down the centerline and sunk to form a jetty near the Newport News drydock
* She was owned by Texaco Refining Inc., U.S.A. until October of 1992 when she was sold to Eastern Overseas Inc., U.S.A. and renamed Star Mist
* It is unlikely that she ever traded under that name though since she was sold for scrapping almost immediately therafter
* 20 November 1992 she arrived off Alang, India and anchored
* She was beached a few days later where she was subsequently reduced to scrap

Information sources - Fairplay Internet Ship Register, Lloyds Registers & Marine News - The World Ship Society

Source: http://www.wellandcanal.ca/salties/t/texacomississippi/mississippi.htm

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Williamsburg

Built: 2/44
Hull#: 304
USMC#: 379
Later Names:
1950 Nevada
1959 Texaco Nevada

History and Notes:

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Corinth

Built: 7/43
Hull#: 305
USMC#: 380
Later Names:
1948 Charitas


History and Notes:
Scrapped Vado, August 1966.

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Kenesaw Mountain

Built: 8/43
Hull#: 306
USMC#: 381
Later Names:
1948 Ohio Sun


History and Notes:
Scrapped Kaohsiung, October 1969.

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Mill Spring

Built: 10/43
Hull#: 307
USMC#: 382
Later Names:



History and Notes:

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Fairfax

Built: 10/43
Hull#: 308
USMC#: 383
Later Names:
1947 Americano
1959 Omnium Pioneer
1961 Hudson
History and Notes:

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Mcdowell

Built: 10/43
Hull#: 309
USMC#: 384
Later Names:



History and Notes:

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Lookout Mountain

Built: 11/43
Hull#: 310
USMC#: 385
Later Names:
1948 Ampac California
1955 Tanoan
1956 World Tolerance
1963 World Choice
History and Notes:
1965: NAUTILUS, 1958: PENN RANGER.

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Missionary Ridge

Built: 12/43
Hull#: 311
USMC#: 386
Later Names:
1956 World Traveller
1959 World Chieftain
1966 Christine
1968 Eugenia
History and Notes:
1968: CHEELEE, 1971: TUNG LEE.

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Opequon

Built: 12/43
Hull#: 312
USMC#: 387
Later Names:
1956 World Trust
1962 World Charm
1966 Florence
History and Notes:

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Louisburg

Built: 2/43
Hull#: 313
USMC#: 306
Later Names:
1943 Schuylkill Ao 76
1946 Louisburg
1948 Schuylkill
History and Notes:
Also, AOT 76, US Navy transport oiler.

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Fort Necessity

Built: 3/43
Hull#: 314
USMC#: 307
Later Names:
1943 Cossatot Ao 77
1946 Fort Necessity
1948 Cossatot
History and Notes:
USS Cossatot (AO-77) was a United States Navy World War II T2 tanker which served as a fleet oiler launched as SS Fort Necessity February 28, 1943 by Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Chester, Pa., under a Maritime Commission contract; sponsored by Mrs. W. Taylor; acquired by the Navy March 17, 1943; and commissioned April 20, 1943 Commander P. G. Beck, USNR, in command. It was named for a river in Arkansas. World War II Sailing from Norfolk to Baytown, Texas, to load kerosene, gasoline, and fuel oil in July 1943, Cossatot sailed from Norfolk August 6 to fuel convoy escorts during their passage to Casablanca, returning to Norfolk 14 September. She made seven such voyages from Norfolk to the North African ports of Casablanca, Oran, and Bizerte between October 4, 1943 and November 30, 1944. Cossatot put to sea from Norfolk again December 28, 1944 bound for the Pacific. She loaded diesel oil, fuel oil, and gasoline at Aruba, Netherlands West Indies, and arrived at Pearl Harbor January 30, 1946. She operated from Saipan from February 12 fueling ships of the 6th Fleet until March 3, when she began operations from Ulithi. Cossatot sortied as a part of TG 60.8, the logistics group for the 6th Fleet, for operations off Iwo Jima from March 13 to April 12. On April 16 she sailed with her group to conduct fueling operations off newly assaulted Okinawa. On April 28 she splashed a suicide plane as it dove toward her, and remained on this duty unscathed until May 4 when she arrived at Ulithi to reload. From May 26 until the end of the War, Cossatot operated out of Ulithi fueling various units of fast carrier TF 38, engaged in the final strikes against the Japanese homeland. Cossatot left Ulithi September 3 for Okinawa and Sasebo, arriving September 21 to fuel ships of the occupation force. On 12 November she sailed from Yokosuka for San Francisco, arriving November 26. Cossatot received two Battle Stars for World War II service. Post war Cossatot was placed out of commission in reserve March 7, 1946 and transferred to the Maritime Commission October 28, 1946. Reacquired in February 1948, she was transferred to the Military Sea Transportation Service October 1, 1949 where she has served in a noncommissioned status under the Maritime Administration. While underway in the Pacific Ocean on April 16, 1963 Cossatot reported seeing an unidentified flying object on a straight and fast course in the skies. It was described as glowing, and star-like, and on a trajectory at about 20 degrees and an altitude around 20,000 feet. No investigation was put forward. According to Greenpeace records, on June 15, 1968 Cossatot was damaged after a collision with the merchant vessel Copper State, in fog, off the coast of Santa Cruz, California. Cossatot was carrying 130,000 barrels of jet fuel and lost 20 feet of her bow section in this collision. Cossatot was stricken on September 18, 1974 and sold September 2, 1975. No further information is available after this date.

Source: Matt Zwingraf via web feedback on 29 April 2006.

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Fort Duquesne

Built: 3/43
Hull#: 315
USMC#: 308
Later Names:
1943 Cowanesque Ao 79
1946 Fort Duquesne
1948 Cowanesque
History and Notes:

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Fort Niagara

Built: 5/43
Hull#: 316
USMC#: 309
Later Names:
1948 Polytemi Andreadis


History and Notes:

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Charlestown

Built: 5/43
Hull#: 317
USMC#: 310
Later Names:
1956 World Transporter
1959 World Crusader
1961 Globe Carrier
1968 Overseas Carrier
History and Notes:

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Bloody Marsh

Built: 6/43
Hull#: 318
USMC#: 311
Later Names:



History and Notes:

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Great Meadows

Built: 6/43
Hull#: 319
USMC#: 312
Later Names:
1948 Gulf-meadows
1957 Gulfbeaver
1971 Las Piedras
History and Notes:

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Lake George

Built: 9/43
Hull#: 320
USMC#: 313
Later Names:
1963 Anthem


History and Notes:

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Crown Point

Built: 9/43
Hull#: 321
USMC#: 314
Later Names:
1955 Greenpoint
1960 Texaco Kansas

History and Notes:

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Kittanning

Built: 10/43
Hull#: 322
USMC#: 315
Later Names:
1955 Lyric


History and Notes:
Remarkably survived damage by three torpedoes from U539 in the Caribbean on 4/7/1944, voyage from Majuro for Aruba in ballast.

The SS Kittanning after being hit by three torpedos fired by the U-539 off of the port of Cristobal, Canal Zone, was still afloat on 5 July 1944 when the crew of the Panama Canal tugboat Tavernilla volunteered to go to the assistance of the Kittanning. The crew of the Tavernilla consisted of the Master William J. Connard, Chief Engineer Hermanus A. Kleefkens and the engine room oiler (name unknown). I have a copy of the letter of appreciation from the Acting Commandant 15th Naval District Cpt. Ellis S. Stone to Governor Mehaffey of the Canal Zone as well as addendums of congradulations to the crew of the Tavernilla from S. A. Manahan, Marine Superintendent and F. M. O'Leary, Port Captain Cristobal. The letter from Cpt. Stone states: As Acting Commandant I desire to express to you my very deep appreciation of the hearty cooperation of the Marine Superintendent, Captain Manahan, in sending the Panama Canal Tug Tavernilla to the assistance of a disabled tanker off Cristobal on 5 July. But for the timely arrival of Tavernilla and the seamanlike manner in which the master took the tanker in tow and returned her to port the tanker would very possibly have been driven onto a lee shore and further damaged if not lost Please express to the master and crew of Tavenilla the commendation of the Acting Commandant for their splendid performance. With thanks and all good wishes, I am Cordially yours, Ellis S. Stone Captain, U.S.Navy Acting Commandant 15th Naval District and Acting Commander Panama Sea Frontier The addendum from F.M. O'Leary states: To William J. Connard, Master, Tug Tavernilla: The enclosed letter from the Acting Commandant is forwarded with sincere congradulatios. Your action in taking tanker in tow under difficult and dangerous conditions reflects great credit on yourself, Chief Engineer Hermanus Kleefkens, and the crew of the Tavernilla. In spite of heavy seas and poor maneuverability of the damaged tanker the Tavernilla brought her safely into port. Please deliver the basic letter with endorsements to the crew of your ship. F.M.O'Leary Port Captain, Cristobal July 11, 1944

Broken up at Bilbao 8/1965

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Fisher's Hill

Built: 12/43
Hull#: 330
USMC#: 394
Later Names:
1953 Neches
1964 American Trader

History and Notes:
1948: re-engined with 2 steam turbines, 9,350 SHP. August 1957 lengthened 41ft by Alabama DD&SB Co. Now 544x68, GRT 11,406, DWT 18,417. 1964 new fore and midship sections fitted by Newport News SB&DD Co. Now 634x74, GRT: 15,052, DWT: 27,615.

The 1943/67-built, 27,615-dwt, 15,022-grt oil tanker American Trader is seen in this photograph while she was underway in the harbor at Seattle, Washington during September of 1976. She was originally built at the Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Company yard in Chester, Pennsylvania for the United States Maritime Commission as Fisher's Hill. She was one of the 202, T2-SE-A1 class tankers that were built at that yard for service during World War II and she entered service during December of 1943. Following the end of the war she along with hundreds of other tankers, cargo ships and troop transports were laid up at ports all around the United States. By 1948 Fisher's Hill had been sold into the private merchant marine.

National Bulk Carriers purchased the ship and shortly following the sale, her original Westinghouse turbo-electric plant was removed and a pair of re-built Joshua Hendy Iron Works steam turbine engines were installed in July of 1948. As a result of the conversion her horsepower was increased from 7,420 to 9,350. In 1953 she was renamed Neches by the Sabine Transportation Company of Port Arthur, Texas and in August of 1957 she was lengthened by 41 feet at the Alabama Drydock & Shipbuilding facility in Mobile, Alabama. Her length increased from 503 feet to 544 feet overall and her tonnages increased from 10,196-grt and 16,500-dwt to 11,406-grt and 18,417-dwt.

In 1964 she was renamed American Trader by the American Trading & Production Corporation. Late in 1967 American Trader entered the Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Company facility in Newport News, Virginia where her original cargo section and bow were cut away from the stern. A new forebody was welded in its place and her wheelhouse and accomodations block which once sat in the middle of the ship was removed, moved aft and welded atop the original stern accomodation structure. She re-entered service early in 1968 measuring 633'6" x 74'2" x 43'6". Her previous dimensions were 544' x 68'2" x 39'2". Her tonnages increased to 15,022-grt and 27,615-dwt.

American Trader's original hull and bow was of no use and it was subsequently sold for scrap. On January 13th, 1968 the old hull - likely around 400 feet long, arrived at Castellon, Spain under tow where it was later broken up for scrap. The ship continued sailing through the 1970s and into the mid 1980s for the American Trading & Transporation Company. On June 11th, 1985 she entered layup at East London and ended up staying there until August 12th. She had been sold to Benship International Inc., U.S.A. however shortly thereafter the aging ship was re-sold to Khalil & Sons Ltd. for scrapping. American Trader arrived off Chittagong, Bangladesh late in September of 1985 and on October 2nd crews began dismantling her hull.

Source: Information courtesy Marine News - The World Ship Society, Lloyds Registers - Lloyds of London The American Bureau of Shipping and Victory Ships & Tankers - L.A. Sawyer & W.H. Mitchell http://www.wellandcanal.ca/salties/a/americantrader/trader.htm


In typical American Trading and Production fashion, the company took over the Neches while underway on the Mississippi in 1964, and renamed her American Trader. Included in the deal with Sabine was, new reduction gears (she had an ER fire and had Hendy cruiser turbines and gears installed in 1948) and the charter. Log book # 1 was onboard when I sailed on her '70's, 80's. The vessel was underway Mississippi River, bound for South Pass (not SWP) for sea when the deal was completed under the able command of Capt. Ed Strohm. Sabine added a 41' mid-section at Alabama Shipbuilding, Mobile, in 1957. American Trading re-built the S.S. American Trader in 1967. Newport News Shipbuilding and DD Co fitted a new 515' forebody reatining only 118' of the original hull. The midship house was jacked onto the aft house making her a "stern winder". The American Trader was under MSC Charter until 1980 when she was chartered to Shell and Apex and some "tramp" voyages prior to scrapping in 1985.

Source: Provided by CAPT Richard Johnson via web feedback on 15 January 2006

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Cedar Creek

Built: 12/43
Hull#: 331
USMC#: 395
Later Names:
1944 Taganrog
1948 Cedar Creek

History and Notes:
Cedar Creek, a tanker, was built by Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Chester, Pa., in 1943, and lend leased to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on 30 April 1944 and sailed under the name Taganrog. She was returned to the Maritime Commission in March 1948 and reverted to her original name, acquired by the Navy and classified AO-138 in July 1948, and operated in a noncommissioned status by a civilian company under contract with the Navy. In October 1949 she was assigned to the Military Sea Transportation Service and continued operations with a civilian crew as USNS Cedar Creek (T-AO 138). On 28 September 1954 she was placed in reserve at San Diego where she remained until 1 November 1956 when she again transferred to MSTS. She was stricken from the Naval Register and turned over to the Maritime Administration on 14 October 1957.

Sources: http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/c5/cedar_creek.htm and also http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/19138.htm

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Five Forks

Built: 12/43
Hull#: 332
USMC#: 396
Later Names:
1957 Mount Vernon


History and Notes:
Severely damaged in hurricane in Atlantic. 16 December 1959 arrived in Antwerp after taking refuge in Lisbon. Repairs not economical, sold. 1960 scrapped Willebroek, Belgium.

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Kernstown

Built: 2/44
Hull#: 333
USMC#: 397
Later Names:
1948 Louisiana
1960 Texaco Louisiana
1970 Silver Jay
1970 Virgo
History and Notes:

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Santiago

Built: 2/44
Hull#: 334
USMC#: 398
Later Names:
1947 Esso Manchester


History and Notes:
Scrapped Faslane, August 1963.

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Boundbrook

Built: 3/44
Hull#: 335
USMC#: 643
Later Names:
1948 Imperial Edmonton
1960 Red Wing

History and Notes:

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Fort Schuyler

Built: 3/44
Hull#: 336
USMC#: 644
Later Names:
1947 Gulfscout
1958 Gulfstag

History and Notes:

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Sag Harbor

Built: 3/44
Hull#: 337
USMC#: 645
Later Names:
1946 Esso Portsmouth
1948 Imperial Charlotte-town
1954 San Juan
1961 Gold Star
History and Notes:
1971: CALYPSO.

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Hegra

Built: 3/44
Hull#: 338
USMC#: 646
Later Names:
1946 Nidar
1948 Veni
1959 Pacific Leader
1968 Oceanic Amity
History and Notes:

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Blackstocks Ford

Built: 4/44
Hull#: 339
USMC#: 647
Later Names:
1946 Esso Knoxville
1959 Transoceanica

History and Notes:
Scrapped Kaohsiung, June 1962.

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Hanging Rock

Built: 2/44
Hull#: 390
USMC#: 1723
Later Names:
1946 Petrolite
157 Ao 164
1969 Seattle
History and Notes:
Suamico Class Fleet Oiler: Laid down, February 1944, as Hanging Rock, a Maritime Administration type (T-2-SE-A1) tanker hull under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 1723) at Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock, Co., Chester, PA.; Delivered to the Maritime Commission, February 1944; Renamed Petrolite, 1946; Acquired by the US Navy from the Maritime Administration, 1957; Assigned to MSTS and placed In-service as USNS Petrolite (T-AO-164), 1957; Struck from the Naval Register, also in 1957, returned to MARAD and laid up.

1969: Converted to container ship by Todd Shipyards Corp., San Francisco. Aft section joined to fore and midship sections of Seattle (ex-Mobile 1964, ex-Dorothy 1962, ex-Marine Fox 1961, C4 hull by Sun - yard number 347). Name Seattle retained (measurements 497ft oa x 72ft, 11,499GRT, 8,749DWT). (See also Sun yard numbers 287 and 416). April 1971: A 165ft section of the old forebody of Petrolite joined by Willamette Iron & Steel Co., Portland, OR to afterpart of Oregon Standard (Kaiser yard number 97). Remaining section of Petrolite scrapped, Richmond, CA.

Source: http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/19164.htm and Victory Ships and Tankers

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Frenchtown

Built: 3/44
Hull#: 391
USMC#: 1724
Later Names:
1946 Esso Elizabeth
1948 Imperial Fredericton
1961 Invicta
History and Notes:

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Esso Springfield

Built: 3/44
Hull#: 392
USMC#: 1725
Later Names:
1960 Oswego Voyager


History and Notes:
Scrapped Hirao, September 1965.

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Lyon's Creek

Built: 4/44
Hull#: 393
USMC#: 1726
Later Names:



History and Notes:
1948: sold commercial (same name).

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Port Royal

Built: 5/44
Hull#: 394
USMC#: 1727
Later Names:
1947 Imperial Quebec
1954 Verbania

History and Notes:
Scrapped Spezia, November, 1966.

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Karsten Wang

Built: 6/44
Hull#: 395
USMC#: 1728
Later Names:
1950 Mosborg
1954 Formostar

History and Notes:

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Catham

Built: 6/44
Hull#: 396
USMC#: 1729
Later Names:
1948 Tydol Bayonne
1954 Catham
1962 Transerie
History and Notes:
Built June 1944 by Sun Shipbuilding Company, Chester, Pennsylvania, as "Catham" # 1729, for U.S.M.C. 1948 "Tydol Bayonne", Bernuth, Lembcke Co., Inc. New York, NY, U.S.A. 1954 Tonnage change, (10619 gross - 6829 net). "Jumboized" by American Ship Building Co., Lorain, OH (hull #891). 1954 "Catham", Bernuth, Lembcke Co., Inc. New York, NY, U.S.A. 1962 "Transerie", Hudson Waterways Corp. New York, NY, U.S.A. 1966-1967; mid-body from USS Pawcatuck (AO-108), (546.75 x 75 x 39; 11971 gross - 8449 net). 1972 "Transerie", U.S. Secretary of Commerce Washington, DC, U.S.A. 1972 "Transerie", U.S. Secretary of Commerce (Hudson Waterways Corp., Mgrs.) New York, NY, U.S.A. 1977 "Transere", U.S. Secretary of Commerce (Polk Tanker Corp., Mgrs.) New York, NY U.S.A. 1981 Scrapped by Violet Dock Port Co, Violet, LA. U.S.A.

Source: Provided by Auke Visser via web feedback on 23 March 2006

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Mauvilla

Built: 8/44
Hull#: 397
USMC#: 1730
Later Names:
1947 Esso Birmingham


History and Notes:
Scrapped Split, December 1963.

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Tampico

Built: 9/44
Hull#: 398
USMC#: 1731
Later Names:
1946 Esso Reading
1961 Tampico

History and Notes:

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Sandy Creek

Built: 9/44
Hull#: 399
USMC#: 1732
Later Names:
1946 Esso Bristol
1954 North Duke
1955 Perseo
History and Notes:
Scrapped Vado, May 1963.

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Tullahoma

Built: 10/44
Hull#: 400
USMC#: 1733
Later Names:



History and Notes:

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Paoli

Built: 11/44
Hull#: 401
USMC#: 1734
Later Names:
1956 Ao 157
1966 Marine Floridian
1997 Belofin Floridian
History and Notes:
Suamico Class Fleet Oiler: Laid down, November 1944, as Maritime Administration type (T-2-SE-A1) tanker hull under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 1734) at Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Chester, PA.; Delivered to the Maritime Commission, November 1944; Acquired by the US Navy from the Maritime Administration in 1956 and assigned to MSTS and placed in-service as USNS Paoli (T-AO-157); Returned to MARAD, 1957; Struck from the Naval Register.

1966: New fore and midship sections built by Bethlehem Steel Co., Baltimore (measurements: 612ft oa x 80ft, 11,149GRT, 23,584DWT). Renamed Marine Floridian.

The Marine Floridian arrived at Baltimore under tow for conversion to a liquid sulphur carrier on 2 March 1966. Conversion was completed in June 1967. To keep the sulphur liquified, her five cargo tanks were fitted with steam-heated coils which, with glass-fiber insulation of the tanks, were able to keep the cargo at a temperature of 265-270 degrees.

The Marine Floridian was owned by Marine Navigation Sulphur Carriers, Inc., a subsidiary company of Marine Transport Lines Inc., of New York, and carried shipments of liquified sulphur from Beaumont, TX to other Gulf and US East Coast ports.

A sister ship, Marine Texan (see Alabama yard number 335) was converted in 1963 for the same specilized traffic. She was owned by Marine Sulphur Carriers Corporation, another subsidiary of Marine Transport Lines, Inc.
Renamed Belofin Floridian in 1997
Final Disposition, sold to Indian breakers for scrapping in 1997

Source: http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/19157.htm and also Victory Ships and Tankers

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Rum River

Built: 12/44
Hull#: 402
USMC#: 1735
Later Names:
1953 Caltex Bayonne
1968 Petro

History and Notes:
Broken up Vinaroz 17 March 1968.

Source: Miramar Ship Index

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Chadd's Ford

Built: 1/45
Hull#: 403
USMC#: 1736
Later Names:
1946 Esso Greenville
1963 Chadd's Ford
1964 Columbia
History and Notes:

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Port Republic

Built: 1/45
Hull#: 404
USMC#: 1737
Later Names:
1947 Baltimore Trader
1961 Westfield
1967 Vantage Horizon
History and Notes:

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Marne

Built: 2/45
Hull#: 405
USMC#: 1738
Later Names:
1947 American Trader


History and Notes:
Scrapped Kaohsiung, November 1962.

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Esso Portland

Built: 3/44
Hull#: 406
USMC#: 1739
Later Names:
1960 Petrosud


History and Notes:
Completed as "Dartmouth", renamed after construction as "Esso Portland." Scrapped Kaohsiung, April 1968.

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Esso New Haven

Built: 3/44
Hull#: 407
USMC#: 1740
Later Names:
1960 Marine Sulphur Queen


History and Notes:
Completed by Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Chester, PA in March, 1944, yard hull number 407. Converted in 1960 to carry bulk sulphur by Bethlehem Steel Co., Sparrows Point, MD (7,240GRT) and renamed MARINE SULPHUR QUEEN. On 2 February, 1963 left Beaumont, TX for Norfolk, VA with a cargo of molten sulphur. On 3 February, radio communication received indicating position approximately 26.40N, 88W (south of Pensacola). Posted missing on 6 February; no further trace.

This is one of the modern mysteries of the sea. The entire crew of thirty-nine was lost and claims totalling some $20 million were filed by their relatives. The loss of the vessel became the subject of a legal judgement and, after severe criticism of many concerned, a Federal Court decision, made some seven years after the loss, awarded a multi-million dollar settlement for the lives and cargo lost.

The MARINE SULPHUR QUEEN was put into service in 1961 and made a total of sixty three voyages before her disappearance. After several days of searching, only a few lifejackets, life rings and minor debris were found in a position south-east of Key West.

Source: Victory Ships and Tankers: The History of the Victory type cargo ships and of the Tankers built in the United States of America during World War II, by Leonard Arthur Sawyer and W. H. Mitchell. Published by Cornell Maritime Press, Cambridge MD.

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James Island

Built: 5/44
Hull#: 408
USMC#: 1741
Later Names:
1948 Alexandra
1955 Amanda
1961 Lyra
1962 Easthampton
History and Notes:
1965: MERRIMAC.

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Whitehorse

Built: 4/44
Hull#: 409
USMC#: 1742
Later Names:
1947 Esso Cambridge
1947 Esso Sao Paulo
1959 Sao Paulo
1962 Esso Sao Paulo
History and Notes:
Around 1950 installed 8 vertical pressurised tanks for LPG. Transportation Code letters: HPEC Broken up Kaohsiung june 1967.

Source: http://home.earthlink.net/~pcpcall/id8.html

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Fort Cornwallis

Built: 4/44
Hull#: 410
USMC#: 1743
Later Names:
1946 Esso Parkersburg
1956 Parkersburg
1968 Marine Eagle
History and Notes:
Delivered to the Maritime Commission, April 1944. Acquired by the US Navy from the Maritime Administration in 1956 and assigned to MSTS and placed In-service as USNS Parkersburg (T-AO-163); Returned to MARAD, 1957 and struck from the Naval Register.

In early 1968 Parkersburg was bought by the Marine Navigation Company, Inc., and sent to the Newport News SB & DD Company for conversion to a chemical carrier, specifically designed for the carriage of refrigerated anhydrous ammonia, a chemical intermediate used as an ingredient for fertilizers which has to be transported at a constant temperature of -28 degrees F.

New fore and midship sections were built and the resultant ship measured 615ft x 80ft (15,133GRT, 25,900DWT). Renamed Marine Eagle, she engaged in the US coastal trade on long term charter to the Du Pont Chemical Company.

April 1969: Discarded fore and midship section of Parkersburg converted by Norfolk SB & DD Co., Norfolk, VA to oil barge (measurements: 385ft bp x 68ft, 7,843GRT). Renamed Detsco No. 3. In April 1971, sold for use as a storage vessel in Yugoslavia. (See also Glorieta and Black Jack, Sun yard numbers 417 and 422.)

Source: http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/19163.htm and Victory Ships and Tankers

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Catawba Ford

Built: 5/44
Hull#: 411
USMC#: 1744
Later Names:



History and Notes:
1947: sold commercial (same name).

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Fort Cumberland

Built: 5/44
Hull#: 412
USMC#: 1745
Later Names:
1946 Esso Cumberland
1956 Cumberland

History and Notes:
Acquired by the US Navy in 1956 and assigned to the Military Sealift Command as USNS Cumberland (T-AO 153). Returned to MARAD in 1957 and laid up. Transferred to US Army in 1966 and converted by Newport News SB & DD Co. to a floating electric power supply ship for use in Vietnam. Vessel anchored in harbor at Qui Nhon, where her main machinery generated electricity which was transmitted ashore to sub-stations via power cables. Later based at Cam Rahn Bay. February 1972: sold to Kaohsiung shipbreakers.

Source: Victory Ships and Tankers

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Esso Camden

Built: 6/44
Hull#: 413
USMC#: 1746
Later Names:



History and Notes:
Scrapped Savona, April 1961.

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Esso Scranton

Built: 6/44
Hull#: 414
USMC#: 1747
Later Names:



History and Notes:
Sold to Taiwan for scrapping, October 1972.

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Esso Memphis

Built: 6/44
Hull#: 415
USMC#: 1748
Later Names:
1956 Memphis


History and Notes:
Cumberland Class Fleet Oiler: Laid down, 11 March 1944, as Esso Memphis, a Maritime Administration type (T2-SE-A1) tanker hull, under a Maritime Commission contract at Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Chester, PA.; Delivered to Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey, 28 June 1944; Returned to the Maritime Commission for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, (date unknown); Acquired by the US Navy from the Maritime Commission, 28 November 1956, and placed in service as USNS Memphis (T-AO-162); Assigned to MSTS, 23 December 1956; Operated by Marine Transport Lines, Inc.; Placed out of service, struck from the Naval Register, and returned to the Maritime Administration for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, James River, Fort Eustis, VA., 13 September 1960; Converted to a floating power plant at Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newport News, VA. in 1966; Transferred to the US Army for service in South Vietnam. Moored in port of Qui Nhon.

Scrapped Kaohsiung, August 1971. (See also Marinship yard numbers 13 and 15 and Sun yard number 412.)

Source: http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/19162.htm and Victory Ships and Tankers

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Esso Roanoke

Built: 7/44
Hull#: 416
USMC#: 1749
Later Names:
1956 Roanoke
1969 Baltimore

History and Notes:
Delivered to the Maritime Commission, July 1944; Acquired by the US Navy from the Maritime Administration and assigned to MSTS and placed In-service as USNS Roanoke (T-AO 155), 1956; Returned to MARAD, 1957; Struck from the Naval Register (date unknown).

1969: Aft section joined to fore and midbody od Baltimore (C4 Type) by Willamette Iron & Steel Corp., Portland, OR and converted to a container carrier (measurements: 497ft x 72ft, 10,498GRT, 9,036DWT). Renamed Baltimore (see Sun yard numbers 287 and 390).

Source: http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/19155.htm and also Victory Ships and Tankers

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Glorieta

Built: 7/44
Hull#: 417
USMC#: 1750
Later Names:
1947 Byron D. Benson
1968 Louisiana Getty

History and Notes:

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Hobkirk's Hill (ii)

Built: 8/44
Hull#: 418
USMC#: 1751
Later Names:
1946 Esso Denhaag
1959 Frixos
1971 Shelley
History and Notes:

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Blackwater

Built: 9/44
Hull#: 419
USMC#: 1752
Later Names:
1947 Imperial Toronto
1958 Esso Nassau
1960 Nassau Cay
1961 Dimitrios
History and Notes:

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Turkey Island

Built: 9/44
Hull#: 420
USMC#: 1753
Later Names:
1947 Esso Fawley
1955 Atticus
1957 Andros Saturn
1963 Skiathos
History and Notes:
"Esso Fawley", 10.448 GT, build 9.1944, as "Turkey Island" by Sun S.B. & D.D. Co., Chester, Pennsylvania. 1946 : to Anglo American Oil Co., as "Esso Fawley". 1955 : converted to a bulk carrier by Sasebo Heavy Industries, new measuremants; 564 feet 6 inches length (LOA) x 6.725 GT, renamed "Atticus" (Cia. Nav. Lorca (Liberian)). 1957 : "Andros Saturn" ( Cia. Nav. Lorca (Liberian)). 1960 : "Skiathos" (Cia. Nav. Vicalvaro (Greek)). 8.1963 : Scrapped Aioi.

Source: Provided by Mr. Auke Visser on 17 December 2005.

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Drewry's Bluff

Built: 9/44
Hull#: 421
USMC#: 1754
Later Names:
1947 Gulfbrand
1960 Emsadler

History and Notes:
Scrapped Castellon, Novemebr 1966.

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Black Jack

Built: 9/44
Hull#: 422
USMC#: 1755
Later Names:
1947 William F. Humphrey
1968 Wilmington Getty

History and Notes:

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Prairie Grove

Built: 10/44
Hull#: 423
USMC#: 1756
Later Names:
1947 Esso Linden
1969 Prairie Grove

History and Notes:

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Pine Bluff

Built: 11/44
Hull#: 424
USMC#: 1757
Later Names:
1951 Caltex Singapore


History and Notes:

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Yellow Tavern

Built: 11/44
Hull#: 425
USMC#: 1758
Later Names:
1951 Caltex Colombo


History and Notes:
1952 "Caltex Colombo", Overseas Tankship (UK) Limited (OTUK), London. 1967 Scrapped.

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La Mesa

Built: 11/44
Hull#: 426
USMC#: 1759
Later Names:
1947 Stanvac Manila


History and Notes:
Scrapped Keelung, July 1962.

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Waxhaws

Built: 11/44
Hull#: 427
USMC#: 1760
Later Names:
1946 Sunoil
1963 Penn Carrier

History and Notes:

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Spring Hill

Built: 12/44
Hull#: 428
USMC#: 1761
Later Names:
1947 Gulfhaven
1958 Gulfjaguar
1972 Burgan
History and Notes:

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Chesapeake Capes

Built: 12/44
Hull#: 429
USMC#: 1762
Later Names:
1947 Samuel Q. Brown
1963 Point Loma
1969 Loyal Ivory
History and Notes:
Scrapped Kaohsiung, April 1972.

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Bushy Run

Built: 12/44
Hull#: 430
USMC#: 1763
Later Names:
1947 Gulfray
1958 Gulflion

History and Notes:

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Averysboro

Built: 1/45
Hull#: 431
USMC#: 1764
Later Names:
1945 Finnmark
1961 Sirip Jask

History and Notes:

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Allatoona

Built: 1/45
Hull#: 432
USMC#: 1765
Later Names:
1947 Jeanny
1957 Trojan

History and Notes:

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New Market

Built: 2/45
Hull#: 433
USMC#: 1766
Later Names:
1968 Fort Worth


History and Notes:

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Somme

Built: 2/45
Hull#: 434
USMC#: 1767
Later Names:
1947 Gulfshore
1957 Gulfbear
1971 La Cruz
History and Notes:
1957: Lengthened and widened to 12811 GRT. Broken up Brownsville 11 October 1975.

Source: Miramar Ship Index

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Chateau-thierry

Built: 3/45
Hull#: 435
USMC#: 1768
Later Names:
1945 Camp Union
1951 Caltex Sydney

History and Notes:
Scrapped Osaka, December 1962.

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Esso Utica

Built: 5/44
Hull#: 436
USMC#: 1769
Later Names:
1957 Glen Cove
1961 Texaco London
1971 Texaco Cocle
History and Notes:

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Musgrove Mills

Built: 5/44
Hull#: 437
USMC#: 1770
Later Names:
1947 Gulfmills
1962 Marine Electric

History and Notes:

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Moor's Fields

Built: 5/44
Hull#: 438
USMC#: 1771
Later Names:
1948 Gulfland
1957 Gulfdeer
1980 Little Apex
History and Notes:
When I sailed her she was know as the S. S. Little Apex, owned by Apex Oil Company of Clayton, Missouri. There were things left intact (drawings and such) that labeled her as the Gulfdeer. Apex had purchased her in 1979-80 and promptly renamed her and had her fitted for sea at the Mobile shipyards. The company operated her for a couple years before selling her for scrap in early 1982.

Source:
Kevin L. Souers
St. Louis, Mo
30 September 2000, by email

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Lake Erie

Built: 6/44
Hull#: 439
USMC#: 1772
Later Names:
1947 New Jersey
1961 Texaco Ne Jersey

History and Notes:

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Point Pleasant

Built: 6/44
Hull#: 440
USMC#: 1773
Later Names:
1946 Mercury Sun
1960 Alaskan
1965 Baltimore Trader
History and Notes:
Scrapped Kaohsiung, September, 1969.

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Cedar Mountain

Built: 7/44
Hull#: 441
USMC#: 1774
Later Names:
1948 Maryland Sun
1969 Cohansey

History and Notes:
Broken up Kaohsiung 3 January 1973.

Source: Miramar Ship Index

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Ridgefield

Built: 7/44
Hull#: 442
USMC#: 1775
Later Names:
1947 Esso Purfleet


History and Notes:
Scrapped Willebroek, Belgium, August 1963.

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Kettle Creek

Built: 7/44
Hull#: 443
USMC#: 1776
Later Names:
1957 Washington Standard


History and Notes:
1947: sold commercial (same name).

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Rich Mountain

Built: 8/44
Hull#: 444
USMC#: 1777
Later Names:
1948 Frank Haskell
1963 Marine

History and Notes:
Scrapped Hong Kong, June 1965.

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Groveton

Built: 8/44
Hull#: 445
USMC#: 1778
Later Names:
1947 David Mckelvy
1962 Midland
1967 Midlake
History and Notes:

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Diamond Island

Built: 9/44
Hull#: 446
USMC#: 1779
Later Names:
1948 South Carolina
1960 Texaco South Carolina
1969 Texas Trader
History and Notes:

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Valverde

Built: 10/44
Hull#: 447
USMC#: 1780
Later Names:
1947 Stanvac Sydney
1962 Union Sydney

History and Notes:
Renamed UNION SYDNEY for voyage to shipbreakers. Engines removed January 1962 at Yokohama. Scrapped in Yokosuka, June 1962.

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Chrysler's Field

Built: 10/44
Hull#: 448
USMC#: 1781
Later Names:
1947 Imperial Winnipeg
1954 San Pablo

History and Notes:
Scrapped La Seyne, 17 May 1962.

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Edge Hill

Built: 10/44
Hull#: 449
USMC#: 1782
Later Names:
1947 R.p. Smith
1963 Sabine

History and Notes:

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Lone Jack

Built: 10/44
Hull#: 450
USMC#: 1783
Later Names:



History and Notes:
(T-AO-161: dp. 21,880; l. 524'; b. 68'2"; dr. 30'2"; s. 14 k.; cl. Cumberland; T.T2-SE-A1)

Lone Jack (T-AO-161) was laid down under Maritime Commission contract by Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Chester, Pa., 11 July 1944; launched 21 October 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Julia W. Bruwier; and delivered to Cities Service Oil Co. of New York City 31 October 1944.

During and after World War II Lone Jack steamed the sealanes as a merchant tanker. Prior to 1956 she was acquired by the Maritime Administration as a "trade in" ship and placed in the National Defense Reserve, Fleet at Beaumont, Tex.

After the opening of hostilities between Great Britain, France, and Israel on one side and Egypt on the other late in October 1956, the United States moved to stabilize this dangerous threat to world peace in the Middle East. The mighty 6th Fleet steamed to the eastern Mediterranean, and following the closing of the Suez Canal 1 November, the Maritime Administration reactivated Lone Jack for emergency tanker service. Acquired by the Navy 28 November, she was transferred to MSTS at New Orleans, La., 15 January 1957.

Lone Jack was operated under General Agency Agreement by Marine Transport Lines, Inc., of New York City. From January to October 1957 she carried oil shipments from ports in the Persian Gulf to American bases in Japan and the western Pacific. During April and May she circumnavigated the globe while carrying fuel to the Mediterranean and the Far East. Transferred to the Maritime Administration 7 October, she entered the Maritime Reserve Fleet at Olympia, Wash. On 10 June 1966 she was transferred to the Army for use as a floating power station along the coast of South Vietnam.

Source: http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/l7/lone_jack.htm

Other Notes:
46 - Cities Service Oil Co., New York
55 - U. S. Dept. of Commerce, New York
56 - U. S. Navy (T-AO-161)
58 - U. S. Dept. of Commerce, New York
66 - U. S. Army - outfitted as floating power station for service in Vietnam

Fate: Broken up at Kaohsiung, April 1971

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Champion's Hill

Built: 11/44
Hull#: 451
USMC#: 1784
Later Names:
1946 Esso London


History and Notes:
Esso Petroleum Ltd., London. Scrapped Split, 19 June 1968.

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Wauhatchie

Built: 12/44
Hull#: 452
USMC#: 1785
Later Names:
1947 Esso Glasgow


History and Notes:
1957: New midship section built and fitted by Harland & Wolff, LTD., Belfast, to carry a number of different grades of fuel. Used for coastal work. Old midship section was scrapped, Faslane in March 1957. Esso Glasgow was scrapped Bilbao, Spain in October 1971.

Source: Victory Ships and Tankers

Originally there were 4 electric cargo pumps that were driven by the main generator, which could be disconnected electrically from the main propulsion motor. The motors were in the engine room, and the shaft to the centrifugal pumps passed through the forward engine room bulkhead into the pump room. This system worked very well. However, the cargo pumps on the refurbished Esso Glasgow were duplex steam reciprocating engines, which were designed as vertical steam pumps but were installed horizontally! They were a problem every time they were used!

In December 1959 the Esso Glasgow, which had just loaded with aviation fuel in Galveston, Texas, was sailing at a slow speed down the Houston Ship Channel in thick fog. An empty American tanker came up the Channel at high speed, and hit the Esso Glasgow, causing it to turn around in the Channel. There was damage to the bows, and as there was no room to turn around safely the ship had to go astern all the way to Houston, where emergency repairs were made prior to sailing for Purfleet, on the Thames Estuary in the UK.

Source: Provided by Ken Philp on 10 December 2005.

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Hubbardton

Built: 12/44
Hull#: 453
USMC#: 1786
Later Names:
1948 Alabama
1960 Texaco Alabama
1962 Texaco Bristol
History and Notes:
Broken up San Esteban de Pravia 20 August 1976.

Source: Miramar Ship Index

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French Creek

Built: 12/44
Hull#: 454
USMC#: 1787
Later Names:
1956 Ao 159


History and Notes:
Suamico Class Fleet Oiler: Laid down, December 1944, as Maritime Administration type (T-2-SE-A1) tanker hull under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 1787) at Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Chester, PA.; Launched, 8 December 1944 and delivered to the Maritime Commission; Acquired by the US Navy from the Maritime Administration, 1956; Assigned to MSTS and placed In-service as USNS French Creek (T-AO-159), 28 November 1956; Placed Out-of-service, Struck from the Naval Register, and returned to MARAD, for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, 2 October 1967. Converted to a floating power station for the US Army by Todd Shipyards Corp., Seattle and used in Vietnam. Scrapped in Kaohsiung in March 1971.

Source: http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/19159.htm and Victory Ships and Tankers

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San Pasqual

Built: 1/45
Hull#: 455
USMC#: 1788
Later Names:
1947 Illinois
1960 Texaco Illinois

History and Notes:

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Carnifax Ferry

Built: 1/45
Hull#: 456
USMC#: 1789
Later Names:
1948 Crown Trader
1958 Maryland Trader

History and Notes:

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Salmon Falls

Built: 1/45
Hull#: 457
USMC#: 1790
Later Names:
1947 Esso Brussels
1955 Cerere

History and Notes:
Scrapped Spezia, September 1966.

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Trevilian

Built: 2/45
Hull#: 458
USMC#: 1791
Later Names:
1947 Ancap Cuarto


History and Notes:

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New Hope

Built: 2/45
Hull#: 459
USMC#: 1792
Later Names:
1947 Ancap Tercero


History and Notes:

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Meuse-argonne

Built: 3/45
Hull#: 460
USMC#: 1793
Later Names:
1951 Caltex Bordeau
1967 Petro-pauillac
1968 Tropical Grace
1969 Maratha Transhipper
History and Notes:

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Cantigny

Built: 3/45
Hull#: 461
USMC#: 1794
Later Names:
1980 Frio


History and Notes:

47 - Cities Service Oil Co., New York
62 - Tankships, Inc., New York [Cities Service Oil Co.]
62 - lengthened and widened by new bow and cargo section built by Burmeister & Wain A/S, Copenhagen #788, 15,344 grt, 614.8 x 75.2'
76 - International Ocean Transport Corp., New York (formerly Cities Service Tankers Corp.)
79 - Grand Bassa Tankers, Inc., New York [International Ocean Transport Corp.]
80 - FRIO Sabine Towing & Transportation Co., Inc., Baltimore

Broken up at La Linea 1984 by Cia. Espa˝ola Para la Fabrice de Acero Inoxiadable, arr. Algeciras 23.8.84, work began in the Crinavis Shipyard in Oct 1984, employing several subcontractors.

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Sedan

Built: 3/45
Hull#: 462
USMC#: 1795
Later Names:
1947 Gravenchon
1947 Esso France
1954 Esso Flandre
1960 Pheax
History and Notes:
GRAVENCHON(1947) -ESSOFRANCE( I )(1947-1954) -ESSOFLANDRE( I )(1954 -1960) F.P.V.X. T2-tanker. 10296 g. 6300 n. 16653 d.; 159.56 oa-153.31pp x 20.74 x 11.96 meters (9.19 draught). Steam turbine connected to electric motor & screw shaft of 1486 MN (6000cv) by General Electric Co., Lynn, Mass. 16 knots 03.1945 : completed by Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. (462), Chester as SEDAN for U.S. War Shipping Administration. 1946 : released to U.S. Maritime Commission. 06.1947 : purchased by French Government (Standard Franšaise des Petroles), Le Havre, and renamed GRAVENCHON. 10.1947 : renamed ESSO FRANCE. 1952 : owner restyled as Esso-Standard SAF. 1954 : renamed ESSO FLANDRE 1960 : sold to Lancer Shipping Co. Ltd., Greece and renamed PHEAX. Converted at Hoboken in a bulk carrier (15574 g.). 1977 : sold to Marine Cement Mgt S.A., Corp., Panama and renamed AL KHAZAN. 1978 ; sold to Duarf International Inc., Liberia and renamed CHIOS FLAG. 05.1975 : laid up in Piraeus harbour. 19.07,1978 : arrived at Barcelona in tow from Pirasus for breaking up. She was laid up at Piraeus since 21.05.1975 making only the one voyage to the breakers as CHIOS FLAG.

Source: Provided by Mr. Auke Visser on 17 December 2005.

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Saint Mihiel

Built: 3/45
Hull#: 463
USMC#: 1796
Later Names:
1946 Camp Verde


History and Notes:

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Amiens

Built: 3/45
Hull#: 464
USMC#: 1797
Later Names:
1951 Caltex London


History and Notes:
Scrapped Onomichi, October 1967.

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Logan's Fort

Built: 3/45
Hull#: 467
USMC#: 2431
Later Names:
1956 Ao 160


History and Notes:
Cumberland Class Fleet Oiler: Laid down, 14 December 1944, as a Maritime Administration type (T2-SE-A1) tanker hull under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 2431) at Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Chester, PA.; Launched 30 March 1945; Delivered to the Bernuth, Lembeke Co., New York, NY, 11 April 1945; Acquired by the Maritime Commission prior to 1956 and laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet; Acquired by the Navy from the Maritime Administration, 28 November 1956; Placed in service as USNS Logan's Fort (T-AO-160), 12 December 1956, at Galveston, TX.; Operated under contract by Mathiasen Tanker Industries, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.; Placed out of service, struck from the Naval Register, and returned to MARAD for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, James River, Fort Eustis, VA., 30 August 1957.

1966, acquired by the US Army for use as a floating power plant in South Vietnam. Converted to floating power station for the US Army by Newport News SB & DD Co., for use at Cam Ranh Bay, South Vietnam. Sold for scrapping at Kaohsiung, January 1972. (see also Fort Cumberland, Sun yard number 412).

Source: http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/19160.htm and Victory Ships and Tankers

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Royal Oak

Built: 4/45
Hull#: 468
USMC#: 2432
Later Names:
1962 Transbay
1966 Transhuron

History and Notes:

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Redstone

Built: 5/45
Hull#: 469
USMC#: 2433
Later Names:
1958 Consolidation Coal
1969 Lumber Queen

History and Notes:

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Roxbury Hill

Built: 5/45
Hull#: 470
USMC#: 2434
Later Names:
1947 Gulfhorn
1958 Gulftiger

History and Notes:

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Rye Cove

Built: 10/45
Hull#: 471
USMC#: 2435
Later Names:
1947 Llanishen
1956 Anna O.

History and Notes:
Scrapped Castellon, February 1963.

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Fort Cheswell

Built: 8/45
Hull#: 472
USMC#: 2436
Later Names:
1947 Stanwell
1959 Landbreeze
1960 Panargy I
1963 Sirod
History and Notes:
1965: CAPISTRANO.

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Fort Massiac

Built: 8/45
Hull#: 473
USMC#: 2437
Later Names:
1949 Esso Valparaiso
1955 Esso Avonmouth
1962 Athlon
History and Notes:
ESSO VALPARAISO Registered in Panama Standard Oil Co Gt 10729 Lt 523.5 ft Bd 68.1 ft Dp 30.1 ft Built by Sun Shipbuilders & Dry Dock Co @ Chester PA 1945 Ex Fort Massiac 1949 became Esso Valparaiso 1949 -1955 Later Esso Avonmouth 1955 -1962 Sold and renamed "Athlon" 1962 Converted to a bulk carrier, old stern cut off & scrapped. New one fitted by Cantieri Navali di Taranto 1974 sold Spain scrap & arrived Bilbao 14/3/75.

Source: Provided by Mr. Auke Visser on 17 December 2005.

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Heron's Bridge

Built: 8/45
Hull#: 474
USMC#: 2438
Later Names:
1948 Esso Brazil
1961 Petromar Bahia Blanca

History and Notes:

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Atlantic Trader

Built: 6/45
Hull#: 475
USMC#: 2439
Later Names:



History and Notes:

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Orchard Knob

Built: 8/45
Hull#: 476
USMC#: 2440
Later Names:
1947 Gladys Moller
1951 Maria Letizia

History and Notes:
Scrapped Vado, June 1962.

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Winter Hill

Built: 4/45
Hull#: 477
USMC#: 2441
Later Names:
1961 Leon Falk, Jr.


History and Notes:
1948: sold commercial (same name). June 1961, converted to a bulk carrier for Great Lakes service. New midship section built by Willy H. Schlieker KG, Hamburg, and fitted by Bethlehem Steel Co., Baltimore (measurements: 730 ft oa x 75 ft 2 in, 12,501 GRT, 23,809 DWT).

In tandem tow, the MENIHEK LAKE and LEON FALK JR arrived at Vigo, Spain on September 25, 1985. The MENIHEK LAKE was scrapped at Vigo, and the FALK was towed to Gijˇn, Spain for scrapping.

Source: http://search.boatnerd.com/

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Clarke's Wharf

Built: 5/45
Hull#: 478
USMC#: 2442
Later Names:
1963 Nevada Standard


History and Notes:
1947: sold commercial (same name). Scrapped Kaohsiung, September 1972.

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Drapers Meadows

Built: 6/45
Hull#: 479
USMC#: 2443
Later Names:
1951 Caltex Auckland


History and Notes:
1947: sold commercial (same name). Scrapped Hirao, July 1972.

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Fort Caspar

Built: 6/45
Hull#: 480
USMC#: 2444
Later Names:
1946 Atlantic Exporter
1958 Wang Hunter
1960 Transnorthern
1962 Inger
History and Notes:
Alang 8 September 1995.

Source: Miramar Ship Index

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Honey Hill

Built: 7/45
Hull#: 481
USMC#: 2445
Later Names:
1946 Atlantic Dealer
1961 Paul H. Carnahan

History and Notes:
Operated by a crew of retired Hanna captains, chief engineers and executives, the GEORGE M. HUMPHREY departed Great Lakes Engineering Works under her own power on August 13, 1986 for Lauzon, Que. The GEORGE M. HUMPHREY cleared Lauzon September 3rd with the former Hanna steamer PAUL H. CARNAHAN in tow of the Dutch tug SMIT LLOYD 109. The tow locked through the Panama Canal,September 27th through 30th, and arrived at Kaohsiung, Taiwan December 10, 1986 completing a trip of over 14,000 miles. The HUMPHREY was scrapped in 1987 by Shiong Yek Steel Corp.

Source: http://search.boatnerd.com/

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Santa Paula

Built: 4/45
Hull#: 482
USMC#: 2446
Later Names:
1955 Brazos


History and Notes:

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Hammerfest

Built: 5/45
Hull#: 483
USMC#: 2447
Later Names:
1949 Polyglory
1960 Union Glory

History and Notes:

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Cobble Hill

Built: 5/45
Hull#: 484
USMC#: 2448
Later Names:
1947 Stanvac Melbourne


History and Notes:
Scrapped Bombay, March 1960.

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Camp Charlotte

Built: 5/45
Hull#: 485
USMC#: 2449
Later Names:
1947 Robert E. Hopkins
1965 Louisianan
1965 Louisiana Brimstone
History and Notes:
1965 Lengthened & widened to 13118 GRT & converted to molten sulphur tanker. Wrecked Coatzacoalcos 20 Feb 91 & broken up Alang 21 Jan 93.

Source: Miramar Ship Index

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Castle's Woods

Built: 6/45
Hull#: 486
USMC#: 2450
Later Names:
1951 Caltex Bombay
1968 Texaco Bombay

History and Notes:
1968: Lengthened and widened to 13892 GRT. Broken up Kaohsiung 6 August 1982.

Source: Miramar Ship Index

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Turner's Gap

Built: 6/45
Hull#: 487
USMC#: 2451
Later Names:
1947 Stanvac Shanghai
1954 Stanvac Bangkok

History and Notes:
Scrapped Trieste, October 1963.

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Atlantic Refiner

Built: 7/45
Hull#: 488
USMC#: 2452
Later Names:
1962 Pochteca


History and Notes:

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Atlantic Mariner

Built: 7/45
Hull#: 489
USMC#: 2453
Later Names:
1963 Walter Rice


History and Notes:

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Fort Jupiter

Built: 8/45
Hull#: 490
USMC#: 2454
Later Names:
1947 Stanmore


History and Notes:
Scrapped Faslane, June 1960.

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J.l. Hanna

Built: 9/45
Hull#: 531
USMC#: 2706
Later Names:



History and Notes:
Broken up Kaohsiung 27 November 1977.

Source: Miramar Ship Index

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Atlantic Ranger

Built: 10/45
Hull#: 532
USMC#: 2707
Later Names:
1963 Angela
1964 Santa Suzana
1967 Suzana S.
1967 Conoco Humber
History and Notes:

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Trimble's Ford

Built: 10/45
Hull#: 533
USMC#: 2708
Later Names:
1961 Rocky Point


History and Notes:
1948 re-engined to steam turbine and lengthened to 564ft6in. 11,670 GRT, 18,025 DWT. Engine made 1942, fitted 1948. Scrapped Hirao August 1963.

47 - National Bulk Carriers, Inc., Wilmington, Del. [Daniel K. Ludwig, New York]
48 - lengthened and re-engined by Bethlehem Steel Co., Baltimore 11,670 grt, 545.0ft 1ST (aft) (engine built 1942)
61- ROCKY POINT Kulukundis Maritime Industries, Inc., New York

Broken up at Hirao, Aug 1963, arr. 14.12.62, work began 25.8.63

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Fort Mercer

Built: 10/45
Hull#: 534
USMC#: 2709
Later Names:
1953 San Jacinto
1965 Pasadena

History and Notes:
46 - Trinidad Corp., Wilmington, Del. (New York)
Broke in two in a gale, 18 Feb 1952, 30 miles east of Chatham, Mass, voy. New Orleans - Portland, Maine, oil, bow capsized and sunk by U. S. Coast Guard 19th as a hazard to navigation, stern taken in tow to Newport, R.I.
53 - SAN JACINTO s/o re-built and lengthened with new bow section built by Todd Shipyards Corp., Galveston, Texas, 11,257 grt, 545.0ft dlvd. 8/53
Damaged by explosion and broke in two, 26 March 1964, off the coast of Virginia in 37.48N-74.27W, voy. Portland, Maine - Jacksonville, in ballast, both sections towed to Norfolk.
65 - PASADENA s/o rebuilt and lengthened with remaining cargo section replaced with new forebody by Newport News SB. & DD. Co., Newport News, resulting vessel 14,844 grt, 595.i x 74.2ft dlvd. 9/65 (296ft section from bow joined 4/67 to stern section of MISSION SAN CARLOS, renamed SEATRAIN MARYLAND)

Broken up at Chittagong 1983 by Steel Enterprise, Ltd., arr. 14.8.83, work began 25.8.83 at Bhatiyari Beach

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Fort Mifflin

Built: 11/45
Hull#: 535
USMC#: 2710
Later Names:
1947 Gulfmoon
1961 Ridgewood

History and Notes:
46 - Gulf Oil Corp., Philadelphia
47 - GULFMOON s/o
61 - RIDGEWOOD Sea-Land Service, Inc., Wilmington, Del. (l.u. at Mobile 8/61, acquired for conversion, never done)

Traded in to U. S. Maritime Commission, re-sold, Broken up at Santander 1969, arr. 20.4.69 in tow

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J.h. Macgaregill

Built: 11/45
Hull#: 540
USMC#: 2711
Later Names:



History and Notes:
Broken up at Suao, Taiwan, 1973 by Lung Yung Steel Corp., dlvd. 11/72, work began 22.2.73

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H.d. Collier

Built: 10/45
Hull#: 541
USMC#: 2712
Later Names:



History and Notes:
Broken up at Kaohsiung 1974 by Sing Cheng Yung Iron & Steel Corp., arr. 11.9.74, work began 1.11.74

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